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Мысли на каждый день года по церковным чтениям из Слова Божия

Феофан Затворник

Понедельник

Господь укоряет фарисеев не за внешние, заведенные у них порядки и правила поведения, а за пристрастие к ним, за то, что они остановились на одном внешнем почитании Бога, не заботясь о том, что на сердце. Без внешнего нельзя. Самое высокое внутреннее требует внешнего как выражения и как облачения своего. На деле оно и не бывает никогда одно, а всегда в союзе с внешним; только в ложных теориях отделяют их. Но опять же очевидно, что одно внешнее — ничто; цена его от присутствия в нем внутреннего, так что коль скоро этого нет, то хоть и не будь. Между тем, мы падки на внешность и видимость, в которых воображается внутреннее и в которых оно принимает определенную форму до того, что исполнив внешнее мы остаемся покойны, не думая о том, бывает ли тут внутреннее или нет. А так как внутреннее труднее, чем внешнее, то очень натурально застрять на последнем, не простираясь к первому. Как же быть? Надо править собою, и иметь в виду внутреннее, всегда к нему напрягаться сквозь внешнее, и при внешнем считать дело делом только тогда, когда в нем внутреннее сочетается со внешним. Другого способа нет. Внимание к себе, трезвение и бодрствование — это единственные рычаги для поднятия дебелого и падкого на дольное естества нашего. Замечательно, у кого есть внутреннее, тот никогда внешнего не оставляет, хотя цены особенной ему не придает.

Отрывки к тексту:
Gal 4:5-28
Mar 6:54-7:8
5
to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.
6
Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father."
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So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, God has made you also an heir.
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Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.
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But now that you know God--or rather are known by God--how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable principles? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?
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You are observing special days and months and seasons and years!
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I fear for you, that somehow I have wasted my efforts on you.
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I plead with you, brothers, become like me, for I became like you. You have done me no wrong.
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As you know, it was because of an illness that I first preached the gospel to you.
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Even though my illness was a trial to you, you did not treat me with contempt or scorn. Instead, you welcomed me as if I were an angel of God, as if I were Christ Jesus himself.
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What has happened to all your joy? I can testify that, if you could have done so, you would have torn out your eyes and given them to me.
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Have I now become your enemy by telling you the truth?
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Those people are zealous to win you over, but for no good. What they want is to alienate you from us, so that you may be zealous for them.
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It is fine to be zealous, provided the purpose is good, and to be so always and not just when I am with you.
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My dear children, for whom I am again in the pains of childbirth until Christ is formed in you,
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how I wish I could be with you now and change my tone, because I am perplexed about you!
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Tell me, you who want to be under the law, are you not aware of what the law says?
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For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman.
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His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way; but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise.
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These things may be taken figuratively, for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar.
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Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children.
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But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother.
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For it is written: "Be glad, O barren woman,  who bears no children; break forth and cry aloud,  you who have no labor pains; because more are the children of the desolate woman  than of her who has a husband."
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Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.
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54
As soon as they got out of the boat, people recognized Jesus.
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They ran throughout that whole region and carried the sick on mats to wherever they heard he was.
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And wherever he went--into villages, towns or countryside--they placed the sick in the marketplaces. They begged him to let them touch even the edge of his cloak, and all who touched him were healed.
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The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus and
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saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were "unclean," that is, unwashed.
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(The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders.
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When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles. )
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So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked Jesus, "Why don't your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders instead of eating their food with 'unclean' hands?"
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He replied, "Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: " 'These people honor me with their lips,  but their hearts are far from me.
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They worship me in vain;  their teachings are but rules taught by men.'
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You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to the traditions of men."
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