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Введение в христианскую жизнь

Свящ. Александр Мень

Жизнь по Евангелию

1) Отношение человека к Богу

19. Проповеди Христовой предшествовало выступление Иоанна Крестителя с призывом к покаянию, и благовестие Самого Господа тоже началось словами: «Покайтесь» (Мф 3:1-2; 4:17). Поэтому началом духовной жизни христианина является покаяние, внутренний переворот, переоценка прежней жизни (таково значение евангельского слова «матаноите», покайтесь, обратитесь, переосмыслите прошлое). Покаяние становится настоящим только тогда, когда «приносит плод», т. е. выражается в поступках (см. притчу Мф 21:28-32).

20. Отношение христианина к Богу есть богосыновство, оно строится на глубоком сердечном доверии, уповании и надежде (Лк 1:9-13; 12:22).

Примечание: Заповедь «не заботьтесь» имеет ввиду не обычные мысли о житейских делах, а именно «заботу» в смысле мучительной и тревожной озабоченности, которая изобличает маловерие.

21. Молитва есть беседа души с Богом, общение с Ним. Хотя Отец Небесный знает о наших нуждах (Мф 6:8), открывая Ему сердце, мы вступаем с ним в живое общение. Сила молитвы не во многих словах (как думали язычники, желавшие длинными заклинаниями повлиять на божество), а в искренности (Мф 6:7).

Примечание: Молитву — как таковую — следует отличать от молитвословия — чтения молитв по молитвеннику. Молитвословие есть школа молитвы и подготовка к молитве (через вживание в молитвы святых).

22. Человек не должен требовать от Бога чудес (Мф 12:38-39). В молитве на первом месте — не наша воля, а воля Отца (Мф 6:10; Мк 14:36).

23. Ученику Христову не обещано непременное земное благополучие: среди скорбей и испытаний он укрепляется надеждой на конечное торжество правды Божией (Мф 5:12; Ин 16:23). Любящий Христа делит с Ним Его крестный путь (Мф 8:34).

24. Молитва человека, не примирившегося с братом, — недостойная молитва (Мф 5:23; 18:23-25).

25. Нет «религии» как некой изолированной системы ценностей. Все совершается перед лицом Бога. Царство Божие, жизнь с Богом и в Боге превосходит в ...*

* Раздел 25 не завершен.

26. Тот, кто гордится своими «религиозными подвигами», живет во власти заблуждения. Исполнение заповедей есть долг человека перед Богом, а не заслуга (Лк 12:7)

27**

** В разделе 27 в авторских списках — лакуна.

28. Тот, кто гордится своими религиозными «подвигами», живет во власти заблуждения. Исполнение заповедей есть долг человека перед Богом, а не его «заслуга» (Лк 17:7).

2) Отношение людей друг к другу

29. Христос подтверждает древнюю заповедь «Люби ближнего, как самого себя» (Лев 19:18-34; Мф 5:43). Но в отличие от ветхозаветной заповеди Он расширяет понятие «ближний». Оно может относиться к любому человеку, независимо от его веры и народности (см. притчу Лк 10:30-37). Любовь есть деятельное служение, которое «выше всесожжений и жертв» (Мк 12:33; см. Мф 25:31-46).

30. Живя среди других людей, ученик Христа следует древнему «золотому правилу» (известному у многих народов) — поступай с другими так, как ты хотел бы, чтобы поступали с тобой (Мф 7:12).

31. Новой заповедью Христос называл заповедь о самоотверженной жертвенной любви (Ин 13:34), т. е. не просто о доброжелательстве и сочувствии, а о любви-самоотдаче, подобной любви Самого Христа (см. парадоксальные слова ап. Павла в Рим 9:1-4).

32. Христос осуждает месть (Мф 5:39) и даже призывает любить врагов (желать им добра, учиться прощать их). Это, однако, не исключает борьбы со злом (Он Сам обличает фарисеев, изгоняет торгующих из храма).

33. Священна не только древняя заповедь «не убий», но и несправедливый гнев является грехом (Мф 5:21-22).

Примечание: Допустимо ли для христианина участие в войне? Вопрос этот долго дебатировался в Церкви. Наиболее распространенное решение сводится к тому, что хотя война и есть зло, но нельзя отказываться от защиты своего отечества, «ибо нет большей любви, как если кто положит душу свою за друзей своих» (Ин 15:13).

34. Подтверждая Моисееву заповедь «не прелюбодействуй», т.е. не нарушай верности брака, Христос требует чистоты самих помышлений и чувств (Мф 5:28). Брак рассматривается Им не просто как гражданский акт или союз, а как священное единение двух, которое благословил Бог (Мк 10:8; см. Быт 2:24; Еф 5:31). Именно это единство мужчины и женщины — главная цель брака, а не деторождение, которое есть и у животных (к тому же брак может быть и бездетным). Из высокого значения любви и брака вытекает и евангельское осуждение развода (Мф 19:1-3).

Примечание:
1. Апостол Павел называет мужа «главой жены» (Еф 5:23), но чтобы слова его не истолковали как освящение семейного деспотизма, он тут же поясняет, что муж должен относиться к жене с жертвенной любовью (Еф 5:25). «Главенство» же мужчины выражается в его инициативе, взятии на себя ответственности и создании опоры для семьи.
2. Благословляя брак, христианство в то же время высоко ценит и безбрачие как жертву ради Царства Божия (Мф 19:12). Оно есть дело личного призвания человека (1 Кор 6:7). Церковь на своих соборах признала брак и девство «равночестными».
3. На основании Евангелия Церковь защищает неповторимость брака. До Х в. разводы и вторые браки заключались государством. Но с Х века на церковные власти была возложена юридическая функция в брачных делах. В результате православная церковь допустила (с большими ограничениями) развод и второбрачие, а римская — продолжает отстаивать неповторимость брака.
4. Церковь допускает брак между верующим и неверующим (1 Кор 7:12-16). Однако идеал брака предполагает полное единение супругов во всем.

35. Запрет клятвы (Мф 5:34-37) тесно связан с заповедью о правдивости (Мф 5:6-10; ср. Кол 3:9). «Отцом лжи» именуется сатана (Ин 8:44).

Примечание: Внутренняя правда отличается от правды формальной. (Иуда, например, указав врагам Иисуса место, где Он находился, формально говорил правду).

36. Христос недвусмысленно говорит об осуждении как о грехе (Мф 7:15), что, впрочем, не означает, что моральный компромисс есть благо. Различие здесь в направленности воли. Следует «ненавидеть грех, но любить грешника».

37. Долг ученика Христова перед обществом — прежде всего свидетельствовать жизнью о силе Евангелия (Мф 5:14-16). Евангелие не предлагает в качестве идеала конкретной социальной доктрины. Люди сами должны искать оптимальные формы общественного устройства, которые бы наиболее соответствовали Духу Христову.

Примечание: Слова «кесарю — кесарево» (Мф 22:17) были сказаны Иисусом Христом в связи с конкретной исторической ситуацией. Иудеи подпали под власть Рима за свои грехи и поэтому должны платить кесарю той монетой, которая с точки зрения Закона была нечестивой (на ней было изображение императора-бога). Ап. Павел считает необходимым сам принцип власти в государстве (Рим 13:1-2). Человек лишь тогда может противиться власти, если этого требует совесть и Бог (Деян 4:19).

3) Отношение к вещам, природе и телу по Евангелию

38. В иерархии ценностей плоть стоит на втором месте в сравнении с духом (Лк 12:4-23).

39. Однако тело является не презренной «темницей», как думали язычники, а «храмом Святого Духа» (1 Кор 6:19), что оправдывает заботу о нем (1 Тим 5:23). Болезнь тела есть зло, дело сатаны (Лк 13:16; 2 Кор 12:7). Поэтому Господь исцелял больных. Но поскольку Бог может и зло обратить в добро, болезнь способна послужить благу как испытание твердости и веры, как указание на временность земной жизни.

40. Природа для христианина — детище Творца (Быт 1; Пс 8; 103), на которое Он и сегодня простирает Свое попечение (Лк 12:6-7; 27). Человек издавна был призван «возделывать и хранить» природу (Быт 2:15). Все творение предназначено к участию в Царстве Божием (грядущем преображенном бытии), и это тесно связано с миссией человека в мире (Рим 8:19-22).

41. Познание мира, изучение природы есть один из способов познания мудрости Творца (Ис 18:2; Рим 1:19-20).

42. Сам Христос трудился Своими руками, дав тем пример ученикам. «Если кто не трудится — тот и не ешь», — говорит апостол (2 Фес 3:10).

43. Богатство (материальные излишества, роскошь) является, по словам Христа, серьезным препятствием на пути человека в Царство Божие (Мф 10:23-25). Особенно опасна сердечная привязанность, страсть к земному богатству (Мф 6:19-21). Владея чем-либо, человек должен быть свободным от страсти стяжательства и алчности (1 Кор 7:29-31).

44. Христос отменяет ветхозаветный Закон о запретной пище, который был введен для ограждения общины от влияния язычников. Оскверняет человека не пища, а грех, живущий в сердце (Мк 7:18-23).

45. Христос постился (Мф 4:2) и, следовательно, признавал пост как средство контроля над плотью. Если Он и не считал его необходимым для Своих учеников в определенный период их жизни, то в принципе пост был Им сохранен (Мф 6:16-18; 9:14).

Отрывки к тексту:
Mat 3:1-2
Mat 4:17
Mat 21:28-32
Luk 1:9-13
Luk 12:22
Mat 12:38-39
Mar 14:36
Joh 16:23
Mat 8:34
Mat 18:23-25
Luk 12:7
Luk 17:7
Lev 19:18-34
Luk 10:30-37
Mar 12:33
Mat 25:31-46
Mat 7:12
Joh 13:34
Rom 9:1-4
Joh 15:13
Mar 10:8
Gen 2:24
Eph 5:31
Mat 19:1-3
Eph 5:23
Co1 6:7
Co1 7:12-16
Mat 5
Col 3:9
Joh 8:44
Mat 22:17
Rom 13:1-2
Act 4:19
Luk 12:4-23
Ti1 5:23
Co2 12:17
Psa 103
Rom 8:19-22
Th2 3:10
Mat 10:23-25
Mat 6
Isa 18:2
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Now in those days John the Baptist *came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, saying,
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“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
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From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
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“But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go work today in the vineyard.’
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And he answered, ‘I will not’; but afterward he regretted it and went.
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The man came to the second and said the same thing; and he answered, ‘I will, sir’; but he did not go.
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Which of the two did the will of his father?” They *said, “The first.” Jesus *said to them, “Truly I say to you that the tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the kingdom of God before you.
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For John came to you in the way of righteousness and you did not believe him; but the tax collectors and prostitutes did believe him; and you, seeing this, did not even feel remorse afterward so as to believe him.
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according to the custom of the priestly office, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense.
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And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer outside at the hour of the incense offering.
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And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense.
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Zacharias was troubled when he saw the angel, and fear gripped him.
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But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your petition has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will give him the name John.
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And He said to His disciples, “For this reason I say to you, do not worry about your life, as to what you will eat; nor for your body, as to what you will put on.
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Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.”
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But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet;
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And He was saying, “Abba! Father! All things are possible for You; remove this cup from Me; yet not what I will, but what You will.”
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In that day you will not question Me about anything. Truly, truly, I say to you, if you ask the Father for anything in My name, He will give it to you.
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And behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus; and when they saw Him, they implored Him to leave their region.
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“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves.
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When he had begun to settle them, one who owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him.
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But since he did not have the means to repay, his lord commanded him to be sold, along with his wife and children and all that he had, and repayment to be made.
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Indeed, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows.
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“Which of you, having a slave plowing or tending sheep, will say to him when he has come in from the field, ‘Come immediately and sit down to eat’?
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You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.
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‘You are to keep My statutes. You shall not breed together two kinds of your cattle; you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor wear a garment upon you of two kinds of material mixed together.
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‘Now if a man lies carnally with a woman who is a slave acquired for another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death, because she was not free.
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He shall bring his guilt offering to the LORD to the doorway of the tent of meeting, a ram for a guilt offering.
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The priest shall also make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the LORD for his sin which he has committed, and the sin which he has committed will be forgiven him.
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‘When you enter the land and plant all kinds of trees for food, then you shall count their fruit as forbidden. Three years it shall be forbidden to you; it shall not be eaten.
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But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, an offering of praise to the LORD.
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In the fifth year you are to eat of its fruit, that its yield may increase for you; I am the LORD your God.
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‘You shall not eat anything with the blood, nor practice divination or soothsaying.
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You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm the edges of your beard.
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You shall not make any cuts in your body for the dead nor make any tattoo marks on yourselves: I am the LORD.
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‘Do not profane your daughter by making her a harlot, so that the land will not fall to harlotry and the land become full of lewdness.
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You shall keep My sabbaths and revere My sanctuary; I am the LORD.
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‘Do not turn to mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out to be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.
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‘You shall rise up before the grayheaded and honor the aged, and you shall revere your God; I am the LORD.
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‘When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.
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The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt; I am the LORD your God.
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Jesus replied and said, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, and they stripped him and beat him, and went away leaving him half dead.
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And by chance a priest was going down on that road, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
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Likewise a Levite also, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.
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But a Samaritan, who was on a journey, came upon him; and when he saw him, he felt compassion,
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and came to him and bandaged up his wounds, pouring oil and wine on them; and he put him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn and took care of him.
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On the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper and said, ‘Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when I return I will repay you.’
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Which of these three do you think proved to be a neighbor to the man who fell into the robbers’ hands?”
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And he said, “The one who showed mercy toward him.” Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do the same.”
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AND TO LOVE HIM WITH ALL THE HEART AND WITH ALL THE UNDERSTANDING AND WITH ALL THE STRENGTH, AND TO LOVE ONE’S NEIGHBOR AS HIMSELF, is much more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.”
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“But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne.
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All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;
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and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left.
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“Then the King will say to those on His right, ‘Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
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For I was hungry, and you gave Me something to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me something to drink; I was a stranger, and you invited Me in;
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naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to Me.’
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Then the righteous will answer Him, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, and feed You, or thirsty, and give You something to drink?
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And when did we see You a stranger, and invite You in, or naked, and clothe You?
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When did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?’
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The King will answer and say to them, ‘Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did it to one of these brothers of Mine, even the least of them, you did it to Me.’
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“Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels;
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for I was hungry, and you gave Me nothing to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me nothing to drink;
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I was a stranger, and you did not invite Me in; naked, and you did not clothe Me; sick, and in prison, and you did not visit Me.’
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Then they themselves also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not take care of You?’
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Then He will answer them, ‘Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’
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These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”
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“In everything, therefore, treat people the same way you want them to treat you, for this is the Law and the Prophets.
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A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.
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I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit,
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that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart.
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For I could wish that I myself were accursed, separated from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh,
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who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons, and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises,
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Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life for his friends.
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AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH; so they are no longer two, but one flesh.
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For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.
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FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND MOTHER AND SHALL BE JOINED TO HIS WIFE, AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH.
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When Jesus had finished these words, He departed from Galilee and came into the region of Judea beyond the Jordan;
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and large crowds followed Him, and He healed them there.
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Some Pharisees came to Jesus, testing Him and asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?”
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For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He Himself being the Savior of the body.
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Actually, then, it is already a defeat for you, that you have lawsuits with one another. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded?
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But to the rest I say, not the Lord, that if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she consents to live with him, he must not divorce her.
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And a woman who has an unbelieving husband, and he consents to live with her, she must not send her husband away.
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For the unbelieving husband is sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband; for otherwise your children are unclean, but now they are holy.
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Yet if the unbelieving one leaves, let him leave; the brother or the sister is not under bondage in such cases, but God has called us to peace.
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For how do you know, O wife, whether you will save your husband? Or how do you know, O husband, whether you will save your wife?
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When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him.
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He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,
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“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
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“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
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“Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.
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“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
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“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
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“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
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“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
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“Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
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“Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me.
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Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
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“You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt has become tasteless, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.
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“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden;
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nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.
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Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
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“Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.
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For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
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Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
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“For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
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“You have heard that the ancients were told, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be liable to the court.’
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But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘You good-for-nothing,’ shall be guilty before the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell.
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Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
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leave your offering there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your offering.
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Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison.
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Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent.
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“You have heard that it was said, ‘YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY’;
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but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
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If your right eye makes you stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.
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If your right hand makes you stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than for your whole body to go into hell.
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“It was said, ‘WHOEVER SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE’;
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but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.
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“Again, you have heard that the ancients were told, ‘YOU SHALL NOT MAKE FALSE VOWS, BUT SHALL FULFILL YOUR VOWS TO THE LORD.’
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But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
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or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING.
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Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
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But let your statement be, ‘Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no’; anything beyond these is of evil.
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“You have heard that it was said, ‘AN EYE FOR AN EYE, AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH.’
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But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.
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If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat also.
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Whoever forces you to go one mile, go with him two.
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Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.
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“You have heard that it was said, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR and hate your enemy.’
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But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,
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so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
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For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?
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If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same?
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Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
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Do not lie to one another, since you laid aside the old self with its evil practices,
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You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
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Tell us then, what do You think? Is it lawful to give a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?”
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Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.
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Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.
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But Peter and John answered and said to them, “Whether it is right in the sight of God to give heed to you rather than to God, you be the judge;
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“I say to you, My friends, do not be afraid of those who kill the body and after that have no more that they can do.
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But I will warn you whom to fear: fear the One who, after He has killed, has authority to cast into hell; yes, I tell you, fear Him!
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Are not five sparrows sold for two cents? Yet not one of them is forgotten before God.
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Indeed, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows.
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“And I say to you, everyone who confesses Me before men, the Son of Man will confess him also before the angels of God;
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but he who denies Me before men will be denied before the angels of God.
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And everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but he who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him.
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When they bring you before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, do not worry about how or what you are to speak in your defense, or what you are to say;
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for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say.”
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Someone in the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the family inheritance with me.”
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But He said to him, “Man, who appointed Me a judge or arbitrator over you?”
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Then He said to them, “Beware, and be on your guard against every form of greed; for not even when one has an abundance does his life consist of his possessions.”
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And He told them a parable, saying, “The land of a rich man was very productive.
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And he began reasoning to himself, saying, ‘What shall I do, since I have no place to store my crops?’
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Then he said, ‘This is what I will do: I will tear down my barns and build larger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods.
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And I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years to come; take your ease, eat, drink and be merry.”’
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But God said to him, ‘You fool! This very night your soul is required of you; and now who will own what you have prepared?’
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So is the man who stores up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.”
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And He said to His disciples, “For this reason I say to you, do not worry about your life, as to what you will eat; nor for your body, as to what you will put on.
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For life is more than food, and the body more than clothing.
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No longer drink water exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.
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Certainly I have not taken advantage of you through any of those whom I have sent to you, have I?
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And all that is within me, bless His holy name.
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Bless the LORD, O my soul, And forget none of His benefits;
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Bless the LORD, O my soul,
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Who pardons all your iniquities, Who heals all your diseases;
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Who redeems your life from the pit, Who crowns you with lovingkindness and compassion;
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Who satisfies your years with good things, So that your youth is renewed like the eagle.
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The LORD performs righteous deeds And judgments for all who are oppressed.
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He made known His ways to Moses, His acts to the sons of Israel.
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The LORD is compassionate and gracious, Slow to anger and abounding in lovingkindness.
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He will not always strive with us, Nor will He keep His anger forever.
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He has not dealt with us according to our sins, Nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.
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For as high as the heavens are above the earth, So great is His lovingkindness toward those who fear Him.
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As far as the east is from the west, So far has He removed our transgressions from us.
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Just as a father has compassion on his children, So the LORD has compassion on those who fear Him.
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For He Himself knows our frame; He is mindful that we are but dust.
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As for man, his days are like grass; As a flower of the field, so he flourishes.
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When the wind has passed over it, it is no more, And its place acknowledges it no longer.
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But the lovingkindness of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting on those who fear Him, And His righteousness to children’s children,
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To those who keep His covenant And remember His precepts to do them.
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The LORD has established His throne in the heavens, And His sovereignty rules over all.
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Bless the LORD, you His angels, Mighty in strength, who perform His word, Obeying the voice of His word!
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Bless the LORD, all you His hosts, You who serve Him, doing His will.
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Bless the LORD, all you works of His, In all places of His dominion; Bless the LORD, O my soul!
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For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God.
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For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope
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that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God.
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For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.
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For even when we were with you, we used to give you this order: if anyone is not willing to work, then he is not to eat, either.
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“But whenever they persecute you in one city, flee to the next; for truly I say to you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes.
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“A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a slave above his master.
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It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more will they malign the members of his household!
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“Beware of practicing your righteousness before men to be noticed by them; otherwise you have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.
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“So when you give to the poor, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be honored by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.
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But when you give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,
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so that your giving will be in secret; and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
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“When you pray, you are not to be like the hypocrites; for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street corners so that they may be seen by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.
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But you, when you pray, go into your inner room, close your door and pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
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“And when you are praying, do not use meaningless repetition as the Gentiles do, for they suppose that they will be heard for their many words.
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So do not be like them; for your Father knows what you need before you ask Him.
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“Pray, then, in this way: ‘Our Father who is in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.
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‘Your kingdom come. Your will be done, On earth as it is in heaven.
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‘Give us this day our daily bread.
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‘And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
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‘And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil. [For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.’]
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For if you forgive others for their transgressions, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
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But if you do not forgive others, then your Father will not forgive your transgressions.
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“Whenever you fast, do not put on a gloomy face as the hypocrites do, for they neglect their appearance so that they will be noticed by men when they are fasting. Truly I say to you, they have their reward in full.
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But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face
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so that your fasting will not be noticed by men, but by your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you.
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“Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal.
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But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or steal;
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for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
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“The eye is the lamp of the body; so then if your eye is clear, your whole body will be full of light.
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But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
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“No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and wealth.
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“For this reason I say to you, do not be worried about your life, as to what you will eat or what you will drink; nor for your body, as to what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing?
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Look at the birds of the air, that they do not sow, nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more than they?
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And who of you by being worried can add a single hour to his life?
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And why are you worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin,
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yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory clothed himself like one of these.
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But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more clothe you? You of little faith!
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Do not worry then, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ or ‘What will we drink?’ or ‘What will we wear for clothing?’
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For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things.
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But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.
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“So do not worry about tomorrow; for tomorrow will care for itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.
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Alas, oh land of whirring wings
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Which sends envoys by the sea, Even in papyrus vessels on the surface of the waters. Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth, To a people feared far and wide, A powerful and oppressive nation Whose land the rivers divide.
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