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Новое небо над новой землей (размышления над Библией)

В.В. Сорокин

II. Мессия

Библейские представления о Мессии отражены в мессианских пророчествах и мессианских гимнах. Различие между пророчеством и гимном чисто формальное: пророчество излагается обычно в прозе, в то время как гимн — это поэтическая форма, напоминающая псалом. Принято думать, что древнейшее мессианское пророчество прозвучало в «гимне благословения колен» (Быт 49:1-27), имея в виду прежде всего Быт 49:10, однако соответствующее евр. ад ки йаво шило предполагает перевод «доколе не придёт в Шило (Силом)»; чтобы понять смысл пророчества, достаточно вспомнить, что во времена пророка Самуила и первых царей Скиния Завета действительно находилась в Силоме (1 Цар 1:3). Такие же несколько натянутые толкования стали традиционными в отношении некоторых псалмов, которые считаются обычно мессианскими, как, например, псалом 22 на основании Пс 22:17-19, псалом 40 на основании Пс 40:8-9 или псалом 69 на основании Пс 69:22. Следует, однако, иметь в виду, что во всех трёх случаях речь вполне может идти об обычном человеке — страдающем праведнике. Во всяком случае, Мессия непосредственно не называется ни в одном из этих псалмов, а указанные стихи, упоминаемые в Евангелии, едва ли могут служить веским свидетельством: ведь верующие евреи евангельской эпохи зачастую, цитируя отрывки из псалмов, придавали им совсем не тот смысл, какой вкладывали авторы, нередко углубляя его и аллегорически переосмысливая (приём, характерный во многих случаях и для святоотеческой экзегезы). К тому же, при таком понимании смысла упомянутых псалмов слова в Пс 40:15-16 и Пс 69:23-29 пришлось бы приписать Спасителю, что представляется совершенно невероятным. Если оставить в стороне такого рода натянутые толкования, то древнейшими псалмами, в которых говорится о помазаннике, нужно считать псалом 2 (Пс 2:2) и псалом 20 (Пс 20:7), причем второй из них, по-видимому, написан самим Давидом.

Древнейший же собственно мессианский гимн принадлежит пророку Исайе Иерусалимскому (Ис 11:1-16), которому, по-видимому, предшествовали два мессианских пророчества (Ис 4:2-6 и Ис 7:13-25). Несколько позже этим же пророком был написан второй мессианский гимн (Ис 9:1-7). Ко времени Исайи Иерусалимского относится и гимн пророка Михея, по-видимому, связанный с общинами «бедняков Господних» (Мих 5:2-15), так же, как и вышеупомянутый гимн Исайи (Ис 11:1-16), в котором, как и у Михея, упоминается «остаток» (Ис 11:11, Ис 11:16; ср. Мих 5:7). Среди пророчеств Иеремии и Иезекииля есть мессианские (Иер 33:14-22 и Иез 34:23-24), но ими не написано ни одного мессианского гимна; не исключено, впрочем, что в среде последователей Иеремии появился псалом 110, единственный мессианский гимн, вошедший в Псалтирь.

Однако подлинный взлёт мессианизма связан с именем пророка Исайи Вавилонского, которого называют иногда даже «ветхозаветным Евангелистом». Ему принадлежит четыре мессианских гимна (Ис 42:1-9; Ис 49:1-6; Ис 50:4-9; 52:13 — 53:12), из которых два (Ис 49:1-6 и Ис 50:4-11) — это пророчества от лица грядущего Мессии. После него ни один пророк или псалмопевец не свидетельствовал так о Мессии, кроме Иоанна Предтечи. В послепленную эпоху появляется небольшой гимн пророка Захарии (Зах 9:9-10) и гимн, включённый в Книгу пророка Даниила (Дан 7:13-14). В это же (а также и в предшествующее) время появляется множество пророчеств о конце времён, однако их нельзя назвать мессианскими в строгом смысле слова. И всё же истоки израильского мессианизма в духовно-мистическом аспекте этого понятия восходят ко временам Давида.

Отрывки к тексту:
Psa 59:1-27
Psa 39
Psa 68
Psa 19
Isa 11
Jer 33
Eze 34
Mic 5
Mic 7
Isa 52-53
Isa 42
Isa 49
Isa 50
Zec 9
Zec 7
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Set me securely on high away from those who rise up against me.
2
Deliver me from my enemies, O my God;
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Deliver me from those who do iniquity And save me from men of bloodshed.
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For behold, they have set an ambush for my life; Fierce men launch an attack against me, Not for my transgression nor for my sin, O LORD,
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For no guilt of mine, they run and set themselves against me. Arouse Yourself to help me, and see!
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You, O LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel, Awake to punish all the nations; Do not be gracious to any who are treacherous in iniquity. Selah.
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They return at evening, they howl like a dog, And go around the city.
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Behold, they belch forth with their mouth; Swords are in their lips, For, they say, “Who hears?”
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But You, O LORD, laugh at them; You scoff at all the nations.
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Because of his strength I will watch for You, For God is my stronghold.
10
My God in His lovingkindness will meet me; God will let me look triumphantly upon my foes.
11
Do not slay them, or my people will forget; Scatter them by Your power, and bring them down, O Lord, our shield.
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On account of the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips, Let them even be caught in their pride, And on account of curses and lies which they utter.
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Destroy them in wrath, destroy them that they may be no more; That men may know that God rules in Jacob To the ends of the earth. Selah.
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They return at evening, they howl like a dog, And go around the city.
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They wander about for food And growl if they are not satisfied.
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But as for me, I shall sing of Your strength; Yes, I shall joyfully sing of Your lovingkindness in the morning, For You have been my stronghold And a refuge in the day of my distress.
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O my strength, I will sing praises to You; For God is my stronghold, the God who shows me lovingkindness.
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That I may not sin with my tongue; I will guard my mouth as with a muzzle While the wicked are in my presence.”
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I said, “I will guard my ways
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I was mute and silent, I refrained even from good, And my sorrow grew worse.
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My heart was hot within me, While I was musing the fire burned; Then I spoke with my tongue:
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“LORD, make me to know my end And what is the extent of my days; Let me know how transient I am.
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“Behold, You have made my days as handbreadths, And my lifetime as nothing in Your sight; Surely every man at his best is a mere breath. Selah.
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“Surely every man walks about as a phantom; Surely they make an uproar for nothing; He amasses riches and does not know who will gather them.
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“And now, Lord, for what do I wait? My hope is in You.
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“Deliver me from all my transgressions; Make me not the reproach of the foolish.
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“I have become mute, I do not open my mouth, Because it is You who have done it.
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“Remove Your plague from me; Because of the opposition of Your hand I am perishing.
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“With reproofs You chasten a man for iniquity; You consume as a moth what is precious to him; Surely every man is a mere breath. Selah.
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“Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry; Do not be silent at my tears; For I am a stranger with You, A sojourner like all my fathers.
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“Turn Your gaze away from me, that I may smile again Before I depart and am no more.”
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And let those who hate Him flee before Him.
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Let God arise, let His enemies be scattered,
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As smoke is driven away, so drive them away; As wax melts before the fire, So let the wicked perish before God.
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But let the righteous be glad; let them exult before God; Yes, let them rejoice with gladness.
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Sing to God, sing praises to His name; Lift up a song for Him who rides through the deserts, Whose name is the LORD, and exult before Him.
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A father of the fatherless and a judge for the widows, Is God in His holy habitation.
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God makes a home for the lonely; He leads out the prisoners into prosperity, Only the rebellious dwell in a parched land.
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O God, when You went forth before Your people, When You marched through the wilderness, Selah.
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The earth quaked; The heavens also dropped rain at the presence of God; Sinai itself quaked at the presence of God, the God of Israel.
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You shed abroad a plentiful rain, O God; You confirmed Your inheritance when it was parched.
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Your creatures settled in it; You provided in Your goodness for the poor, O God.
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The Lord gives the command; The women who proclaim the good tidings are a great host:
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“Kings of armies flee, they flee, And she who remains at home will divide the spoil!”
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When you lie down among the sheepfolds, You are like the wings of a dove covered with silver, And its pinions with glistening gold.
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When the Almighty scattered the kings there, It was snowing in Zalmon.
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A mountain of God is the mountain of Bashan; A mountain of many peaks is the mountain of Bashan.
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Why do you look with envy, O mountains with many peaks, At the mountain which God has desired for His abode? Surely the LORD will dwell there forever.
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The chariots of God are myriads, thousands upon thousands; The Lord is among them as at Sinai, in holiness.
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You have ascended on high, You have led captive Your captives; You have received gifts among men, Even among the rebellious also, that the LORD God may dwell there.
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Blessed be the Lord, who daily bears our burden, The God who is our salvation. Selah.
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God is to us a God of deliverances; And to GOD the Lord belong escapes from death.
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Surely God will shatter the head of His enemies, The hairy crown of him who goes on in his guilty deeds.
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The Lord said, “I will bring them back from Bashan. I will bring them back from the depths of the sea;
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That your foot may shatter them in blood, The tongue of your dogs may have its portion from your enemies.”
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They have seen Your procession, O God, The procession of my God, my King, into the sanctuary.
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The singers went on, the musicians after them, In the midst of the maidens beating tambourines.
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Bless God in the congregations, Even the LORD, you who are of the fountain of Israel.
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There is Benjamin, the youngest, ruling them, The princes of Judah in their throng, The princes of Zebulun, the princes of Naphtali.
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Your God has commanded your strength; Show Yourself strong, O God, who have acted on our behalf.
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Because of Your temple at Jerusalem Kings will bring gifts to You.
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Rebuke the beasts in the reeds, The herd of bulls with the calves of the peoples, Trampling under foot the pieces of silver; He has scattered the peoples who delight in war.
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Envoys will come out of Egypt; Ethiopia will quickly stretch out her hands to God.
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Sing to God, O kingdoms of the earth, Sing praises to the Lord, Selah.
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To Him who rides upon the highest heavens, which are from ancient times; Behold, He speaks forth with His voice, a mighty voice.
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Ascribe strength to God; His majesty is over Israel And His strength is in the skies.
35
O God, You are awesome from Your sanctuary. The God of Israel Himself gives strength and power to the people. Blessed be God!
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And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.
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The heavens are telling of the glory of God;
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Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge.
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There is no speech, nor are there words; Their voice is not heard.
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Their line has gone out through all the earth, And their utterances to the end of the world. In them He has placed a tent for the sun,
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Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber; It rejoices as a strong man to run his course.
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Its rising is from one end of the heavens, And its circuit to the other end of them; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.
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The law of the LORD is perfect, restoring the soul; The testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.
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The precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; The commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.
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The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring forever; The judgments of the LORD are true; they are righteous altogether.
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They are more desirable than gold, yes, than much fine gold; Sweeter also than honey and the drippings of the honeycomb.
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Moreover, by them Your servant is warned; In keeping them there is great reward.
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Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.
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Also keep back Your servant from presumptuous sins; Let them not rule over me; Then I will be blameless, And I shall be acquitted of great transgression.
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Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart Be acceptable in Your sight, O LORD, my rock and my Redeemer.
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And a branch from his roots will bear fruit.
2
Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse,
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The Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.
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And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what His ears hear;
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But with righteousness He will judge the poor, And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; And He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.
5
Also righteousness will be the belt about His loins, And faithfulness the belt about His waist.
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And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them.
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Also the cow and the bear will graze, Their young will lie down together, And the lion will eat straw like the ox.
8
The nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra, And the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den.
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They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, For the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD As the waters cover the sea.
10
Then in that day The nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will stand as a signal for the peoples; And His resting place will be glorious.
11
Then it will happen on that day that the Lord Will again recover the second time with His hand The remnant of His people, who will remain, From Assyria, Egypt, Pathros, Cush, Elam, Shinar, Hamath, And from the islands of the sea.
12
And He will lift up a standard for the nations And assemble the banished ones of Israel, And will gather the dispersed of Judah From the four corners of the earth.
13
Then the jealousy of Ephraim will depart, And those who harass Judah will be cut off; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, And Judah will not harass Ephraim.
14
They will swoop down on the slopes of the Philistines on the west; Together they will plunder the sons of the east; They will possess Edom and Moab, And the sons of Ammon will be subject to them.
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And the LORD will utterly destroy The tongue of the Sea of Egypt; And He will wave His hand over the River With His scorching wind; And He will strike it into seven streams And make men walk over dry-shod.
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And there will be a highway from Assyria For the remnant of His people who will be left, Just as there was for Israel In the day that they came up out of the land of Egypt.
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Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the second time, while he was still confined in the court of the guard, saying,
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“Thus says the LORD who made the earth, the LORD who formed it to establish it, the LORD is His name,
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‘Call to Me and I will answer you, and I will tell you great and mighty things, which you do not know.’
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For thus says the LORD God of Israel concerning the houses of this city, and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah which are broken down to make a defense against the siege ramps and against the sword,
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‘While they are coming to fight with the Chaldeans and to fill them with the corpses of men whom I have slain in My anger and in My wrath, and I have hidden My face from this city because of all their wickedness:
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Behold, I will bring to it health and healing, and I will heal them; and I will reveal to them an abundance of peace and truth.
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I will restore the fortunes of Judah and the fortunes of Israel and will rebuild them as they were at first.
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I will cleanse them from all their iniquity by which they have sinned against Me, and I will pardon all their iniquities by which they have sinned against Me and by which they have transgressed against Me.
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It will be to Me a name of joy, praise and glory before all the nations of the earth which will hear of all the good that I do for them, and they will fear and tremble because of all the good and all the peace that I make for it.’
10
“Thus says the LORD, ‘Yet again there will be heard in this place, of which you say, “It is a waste, without man and without beast,” that is, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem that are desolate, without man and without inhabitant and without beast,
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the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voice of those who say, “Give thanks to the LORD of hosts, For the LORD is good, For His lovingkindness is everlasting”; and of those who bring a thank offering into the house of the LORD. For I will restore the fortunes of the land as they were at first,’ says the LORD.
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“Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘There will again be in this place which is waste, without man or beast, and in all its cities, a habitation of shepherds who rest their flocks.
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In the cities of the hill country, in the cities of the lowland, in the cities of the Negev, in the land of Benjamin, in the environs of Jerusalem and in the cities of Judah, the flocks will again pass under the hands of the one who numbers them,’ says the LORD.
14
‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will fulfill the good word which I have spoken concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah.
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In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth.
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In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she will be called: the LORD is our righteousness.’
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For thus says the LORD, ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel;
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and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man before Me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings and to prepare sacrifices continually.’”
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The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying,
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“Thus says the LORD, ‘If you can break My covenant for the day and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time,
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then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant so that he will not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levitical priests, My ministers.
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As the host of heaven cannot be counted and the sand of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the descendants of David My servant and the Levites who minister to Me.’”
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And the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying,
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“Have you not observed what this people have spoken, saying, ‘The two families which the LORD chose, He has rejected them’? Thus they despise My people, no longer are they as a nation in their sight.
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Thus says the LORD, ‘If My covenant for day and night stand not, and the fixed patterns of heaven and earth I have not established,
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then I would reject the descendants of Jacob and David My servant, not taking from his descendants rulers over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. But I will restore their fortunes and will have mercy on them.’”
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Then the word of the LORD came to me saying,
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“Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel. Prophesy and say to those shepherds, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Woe, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding themselves! Should not the shepherds feed the flock?
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You eat the fat and clothe yourselves with the wool, you slaughter the fat sheep without feeding the flock.
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Those who are sickly you have not strengthened, the diseased you have not healed, the broken you have not bound up, the scattered you have not brought back, nor have you sought for the lost; but with force and with severity you have dominated them.
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They were scattered for lack of a shepherd, and they became food for every beast of the field and were scattered.
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My flock wandered through all the mountains and on every high hill; My flock was scattered over all the surface of the earth, and there was no one to search or seek for them.”’”
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Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the LORD:
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“As I live,” declares the Lord GOD, “surely because My flock has become a prey, My flock has even become food for all the beasts of the field for lack of a shepherd, and My shepherds did not search for My flock, but rather the shepherds fed themselves and did not feed My flock;
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therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the LORD:
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‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I am against the shepherds, and I will demand My sheep from them and make them cease from feeding sheep. So the shepherds will not feed themselves anymore, but I will deliver My flock from their mouth, so that they will not be food for them.”’”
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For thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out.
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As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day.
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I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and bring them to their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land.
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I will feed them in a good pasture, and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights of Israel. There they will lie down on good grazing ground and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel.
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I will feed My flock and I will lead them to rest,” declares the Lord GOD.
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“I will seek the lost, bring back the scattered, bind up the broken and strengthen the sick; but the fat and the strong I will destroy. I will feed them with judgment.
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“As for you, My flock, thus says the Lord GOD, ‘Behold, I will judge between one sheep and another, between the rams and the male goats.
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Is it too slight a thing for you that you should feed in the good pasture, that you must tread down with your feet the rest of your pastures? Or that you should drink of the clear waters, that you must foul the rest with your feet?
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As for My flock, they must eat what you tread down with your feet and drink what you foul with your feet!’”
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Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD to them, “Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep.
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Because you push with side and with shoulder, and thrust at all the weak with your horns until you have scattered them abroad,
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therefore, I will deliver My flock, and they will no longer be a prey; and I will judge between one sheep and another.
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“Then I will set over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd.
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And I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant David will be prince among them; I the LORD have spoken.
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“I will make a covenant of peace with them and eliminate harmful beasts from the land so that they may live securely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods.
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I will make them and the places around My hill a blessing. And I will cause showers to come down in their season; they will be showers of blessing.
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Also the tree of the field will yield its fruit and the earth will yield its increase, and they will be secure on their land. Then they will know that I am the LORD, when I have broken the bars of their yoke and have delivered them from the hand of those who enslaved them.
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They will no longer be a prey to the nations, and the beasts of the earth will not devour them; but they will live securely, and no one will make them afraid.
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I will establish for them a renowned planting place, and they will not again be victims of famine in the land, and they will not endure the insults of the nations anymore.
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Then they will know that I, the LORD their God, am with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are My people,” declares the Lord GOD.
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“As for you, My sheep, the sheep of My pasture, you are men, and I am your God,” declares the Lord GOD.
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“Now muster yourselves in troops, daughter of troops; They have laid siege against us; With a rod they will smite the judge of Israel on the cheek.
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“But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity.”
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Therefore He will give them up until the time When she who is in labor has borne a child. Then the remainder of His brethren Will return to the sons of Israel.
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And He will arise and shepherd His flock In the strength of the LORD, In the majesty of the name of the LORD His God. And they will remain, Because at that time He will be great To the ends of the earth.
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This One will be our peace. When the Assyrian invades our land, When he tramples on our citadels, Then we will raise against him Seven shepherds and eight leaders of men.
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They will shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword, The land of Nimrod at its entrances; And He will deliver us from the Assyrian When he attacks our land And when he tramples our territory.
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Then the remnant of Jacob Will be among many peoples Like dew from the LORD, Like showers on vegetation Which do not wait for man Or delay for the sons of men.
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The remnant of Jacob Will be among the nations, Among many peoples Like a lion among the beasts of the forest, Like a young lion among flocks of sheep, Which, if he passes through, Tramples down and tears, And there is none to rescue.
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Your hand will be lifted up against your adversaries, And all your enemies will be cut off.
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“It will be in that day,” declares the LORD, “That I will cut off your horses from among you And destroy your chariots.
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“I will also cut off the cities of your land And tear down all your fortifications.
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“I will cut off sorceries from your hand, And you will have fortune-tellers no more.
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“I will cut off your carved images And your sacred pillars from among you, So that you will no longer bow down To the work of your hands.
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“I will root out your Asherim from among you And destroy your cities.
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“And I will execute vengeance in anger and wrath On the nations which have not obeyed.”
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Woe is me! For I am Like the fruit pickers, like the grape gatherers. There is not a cluster of grapes to eat, Or a first-ripe fig which I crave.
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The godly person has perished from the land, And there is no upright person among men. All of them lie in wait for bloodshed; Each of them hunts the other with a net.
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Concerning evil, both hands do it well. The prince asks, also the judge, for a bribe, And a great man speaks the desire of his soul; So they weave it together.
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The best of them is like a briar, The most upright like a thorn hedge. The day when you post your watchmen, Your punishment will come. Then their confusion will occur.
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Do not trust in a neighbor; Do not have confidence in a friend. From her who lies in your bosom Guard your lips.
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For son treats father contemptuously, Daughter rises up against her mother, Daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; A man’s enemies are the men of his own household.
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But as for me, I will watch expectantly for the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation. My God will hear me.
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Do not rejoice over me, O my enemy. Though I fall I will rise; Though I dwell in darkness, the LORD is a light for me.
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I will bear the indignation of the LORD Because I have sinned against Him, Until He pleads my case and executes justice for me. He will bring me out to the light, And I will see His righteousness.
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Then my enemy will see, And shame will cover her who said to me, “Where is the LORD your God?” My eyes will look on her; At that time she will be trampled down Like mire of the streets.
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It will be a day for building your walls. On that day will your boundary be extended.
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It will be a day when they will come to you From Assyria and the cities of Egypt, From Egypt even to the Euphrates, Even from sea to sea and mountain to mountain.
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And the earth will become desolate because of her inhabitants, On account of the fruit of their deeds.
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Shepherd Your people with Your scepter, The flock of Your possession Which dwells by itself in the woodland, In the midst of a fruitful field. Let them feed in Bashan and Gilead As in the days of old.
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“As in the days when you came out from the land of Egypt, I will show you miracles.”
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Nations will see and be ashamed Of all their might. They will put their hand on their mouth, Their ears will be deaf.
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They will lick the dust like a serpent, Like reptiles of the earth. They will come trembling out of their fortresses; To the LORD our God they will come in dread And they will be afraid before You.
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Who is a God like You, who pardons iniquity And passes over the rebellious act of the remnant of His possession? He does not retain His anger forever, Because He delights in unchanging love.
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He will again have compassion on us; He will tread our iniquities under foot. Yes, You will cast all their sins Into the depths of the sea.
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You will give truth to Jacob And unchanging love to Abraham, Which You swore to our forefathers From the days of old.
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Clothe yourself in your strength, O Zion; Clothe yourself in your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; For the uncircumcised and the unclean Will no longer come into you.
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Awake, awake,
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Shake yourself from the dust, rise up, O captive Jerusalem; Loose yourself from the chains around your neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
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For thus says the LORD, “You were sold for nothing and you will be redeemed without money.”
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For thus says the Lord GOD, “My people went down at the first into Egypt to reside there; then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.
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Now therefore, what do I have here,” declares the LORD, “seeing that My people have been taken away without cause?” Again the LORD declares, “Those who rule over them howl, and My name is continually blasphemed all day long.
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Therefore My people shall know My name; therefore in that day I am the one who is speaking, ‘Here I am.’”
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How lovely on the mountains Are the feet of him who brings good news, Who announces peace And brings good news of happiness, Who announces salvation, And says to Zion, “Your God reigns!”
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Listen! Your watchmen lift up their voices, They shout joyfully together; For they will see with their own eyes When the LORD restores Zion.
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Break forth, shout joyfully together, You waste places of Jerusalem; For the LORD has comforted His people, He has redeemed Jerusalem.
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The LORD has bared His holy arm In the sight of all the nations, That all the ends of the earth may see The salvation of our God.
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Depart, depart, go out from there, Touch nothing unclean; Go out of the midst of her, purify yourselves, You who carry the vessels of the LORD.
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But you will not go out in haste, Nor will you go as fugitives; For the LORD will go before you, And the God of Israel will be your rear guard.
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Behold, My servant will prosper, He will be high and lifted up and greatly exalted.
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Just as many were astonished at you, My people, So His appearance was marred more than any man And His form more than the sons of men.
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Thus He will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.
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And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
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Who has believed our message?
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For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot, And like a root out of parched ground; He has no stately form or majesty That we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him.
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He was despised and forsaken of men, A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; And like one from whom men hide their face He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.
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Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted.
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But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed.
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All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the LORD has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him.
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He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth.
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By oppression and judgment He was taken away; And as for His generation, who considered That He was cut off out of the land of the living For the transgression of my people, to whom the stroke was due?
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His grave was assigned with wicked men, Yet He was with a rich man in His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was there any deceit in His mouth.
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But the LORD was pleased To crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days, And the good pleasure of the LORD will prosper in His hand.
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As a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied; By His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, As He will bear their iniquities.
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Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great, And He will divide the booty with the strong; Because He poured out Himself to death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors.
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My chosen one in whom My soul delights. I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the nations.
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“Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold;
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“He will not cry out or raise His voice, Nor make His voice heard in the street.
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“A bruised reed He will not break And a dimly burning wick He will not extinguish; He will faithfully bring forth justice.
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“He will not be disheartened or crushed Until He has established justice in the earth; And the coastlands will wait expectantly for His law.”
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Thus says God the LORD, Who created the heavens and stretched them out, Who spread out the earth and its offspring, Who gives breath to the people on it And spirit to those who walk in it,
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“I am the LORD, I have called You in righteousness, I will also hold You by the hand and watch over You, And I will appoint You as a covenant to the people, As a light to the nations,
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To open blind eyes, To bring out prisoners from the dungeon And those who dwell in darkness from the prison.
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“I am the LORD, that is My name; I will not give My glory to another, Nor My praise to graven images.
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“Behold, the former things have come to pass, Now I declare new things; Before they spring forth I proclaim them to you.”
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Sing to the LORD a new song, Sing His praise from the end of the earth! You who go down to the sea, and all that is in it. You islands, and those who dwell on them.
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Let the wilderness and its cities lift up their voices, The settlements where Kedar inhabits. Let the inhabitants of Sela sing aloud, Let them shout for joy from the tops of the mountains.
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Let them give glory to the LORD And declare His praise in the coastlands.
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The LORD will go forth like a warrior, He will arouse His zeal like a man of war. He will utter a shout, yes, He will raise a war cry. He will prevail against His enemies.
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“I have kept silent for a long time, I have kept still and restrained Myself. Now like a woman in labor I will groan, I will both gasp and pant.
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“I will lay waste the mountains and hills And wither all their vegetation; I will make the rivers into coastlands And dry up the ponds.
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“I will lead the blind by a way they do not know, In paths they do not know I will guide them. I will make darkness into light before them And rugged places into plains. These are the things I will do, And I will not leave them undone.”
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They will be turned back and be utterly put to shame, Who trust in idols, Who say to molten images, “You are our gods.”
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Hear, you deaf! And look, you blind, that you may see.
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Who is blind but My servant, Or so deaf as My messenger whom I send? Who is so blind as he that is at peace with Me, Or so blind as the servant of the LORD?
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You have seen many things, but you do not observe them; Your ears are open, but none hears.
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The LORD was pleased for His righteousness’ sake To make the law great and glorious.
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But this is a people plundered and despoiled; All of them are trapped in caves, Or are hidden away in prisons; They have become a prey with none to deliver them, And a spoil, with none to say, “Give them back!”
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Who among you will give ear to this? Who will give heed and listen hereafter?
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Who gave Jacob up for spoil, and Israel to plunderers? Was it not the LORD, against whom we have sinned, And in whose ways they were not willing to walk, And whose law they did not obey?
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So He poured out on him the heat of His anger And the fierceness of battle; And it set him aflame all around, Yet he did not recognize it; And it burned him, but he paid no attention.
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And pay attention, you peoples from afar. The LORD called Me from the womb; From the body of My mother He named Me.
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Listen to Me, O islands,
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He has made My mouth like a sharp sword, In the shadow of His hand He has concealed Me; And He has also made Me a select arrow, He has hidden Me in His quiver.
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He said to Me, “You are My Servant, Israel, In Whom I will show My glory.”
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But I said, “I have toiled in vain, I have spent My strength for nothing and vanity; Yet surely the justice due to Me is with the LORD, And My reward with My God.”
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And now says the LORD, who formed Me from the womb to be His Servant, To bring Jacob back to Him, so that Israel might be gathered to Him (For I am honored in the sight of the LORD, And My God is My strength),
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He says, “It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also make You a light of the nations So that My salvation may reach to the end of the earth.”
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Thus says the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel and its Holy One, To the despised One, To the One abhorred by the nation, To the Servant of rulers, “Kings will see and arise, Princes will also bow down, Because of the LORD who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel who has chosen You.”
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Thus says the LORD, “In a favorable time I have answered You, And in a day of salvation I have helped You; And I will keep You and give You for a covenant of the people, To restore the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritages;
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Saying to those who are bound, ‘Go forth,’ To those who are in darkness, ‘Show yourselves.’ Along the roads they will feed, And their pasture will be on all bare heights.
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“They will not hunger or thirst, Nor will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; For He who has compassion on them will lead them And will guide them to springs of water.
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“I will make all My mountains a road, And My highways will be raised up.
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“Behold, these will come from afar; And lo, these will come from the north and from the west, And these from the land of Sinim.”
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Shout for joy, O heavens! And rejoice, O earth! Break forth into joyful shouting, O mountains! For the LORD has comforted His people And will have compassion on His afflicted.
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But Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me, And the Lord has forgotten me.”
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“Can a woman forget her nursing child And have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, but I will not forget you.
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“Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; Your walls are continually before Me.
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“Your builders hurry; Your destroyers and devastators Will depart from you.
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“Lift up your eyes and look around; All of them gather together, they come to you. As I live,” declares the LORD, “You will surely put on all of them as jewels and bind them on as a bride.
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“For your waste and desolate places and your destroyed land— Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, And those who swallowed you will be far away.
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“The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears, ‘The place is too cramped for me; Make room for me that I may live here.’
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“Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who has begotten these for me, Since I have been bereaved of my children And am barren, an exile and a wanderer? And who has reared these? Behold, I was left alone; From where did these come?’”
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Thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I will lift up My hand to the nations And set up My standard to the peoples; And they will bring your sons in their bosom, And your daughters will be carried on their shoulders.
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“Kings will be your guardians, And their princesses your nurses. They will bow down to you with their faces to the earth And lick the dust of your feet; And you will know that I am the LORD; Those who hopefully wait for Me will not be put to shame.
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“Can the prey be taken from the mighty man, Or the captives of a tyrant be rescued?”
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Surely, thus says the LORD, “Even the captives of the mighty man will be taken away, And the prey of the tyrant will be rescued; For I will contend with the one who contends with you, And I will save your sons.
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“I will feed your oppressors with their own flesh, And they will become drunk with their own blood as with sweet wine; And all flesh will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.”
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Thus says the LORD, “Where is the certificate of divorce By which I have sent your mother away? Or to whom of My creditors did I sell you? Behold, you were sold for your iniquities, And for your transgressions your mother was sent away.
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“Why was there no man when I came? When I called, why was there none to answer? Is My hand so short that it cannot ransom? Or have I no power to deliver? Behold, I dry up the sea with My rebuke, I make the rivers a wilderness; Their fish stink for lack of water And die of thirst.
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“I clothe the heavens with blackness And make sackcloth their covering.”
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The Lord GOD has given Me the tongue of disciples, That I may know how to sustain the weary one with a word. He awakens Me morning by morning, He awakens My ear to listen as a disciple.
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The Lord GOD has opened My ear; And I was not disobedient Nor did I turn back.
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I gave My back to those who strike Me, And My cheeks to those who pluck out the beard; I did not cover My face from humiliation and spitting.
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For the Lord GOD helps Me, Therefore, I am not disgraced; Therefore, I have set My face like flint, And I know that I will not be ashamed.
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He who vindicates Me is near; Who will contend with Me? Let us stand up to each other; Who has a case against Me? Let him draw near to Me.
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Behold, the Lord GOD helps Me; Who is he who condemns Me? Behold, they will all wear out like a garment; The moth will eat them.
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Who is among you that fears the LORD, That obeys the voice of His servant, That walks in darkness and has no light? Let him trust in the name of the LORD and rely on his God.
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Behold, all you who kindle a fire, Who encircle yourselves with firebrands, Walk in the light of your fire And among the brands you have set ablaze. This you will have from My hand: You will lie down in torment.
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The burden of the word of the LORD is against the land of Hadrach, with Damascus as its resting place (for the eyes of men, especially of all the tribes of Israel, are toward the LORD),
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And Hamath also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.
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For Tyre built herself a fortress And piled up silver like dust, And gold like the mire of the streets.
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Behold, the Lord will dispossess her And cast her wealth into the sea; And she will be consumed with fire.
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Ashkelon will see it and be afraid. Gaza too will writhe in great pain; Also Ekron, for her expectation has been confounded. Moreover, the king will perish from Gaza, And Ashkelon will not be inhabited.
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And a mongrel race will dwell in Ashdod, And I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.
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And I will remove their blood from their mouth And their detestable things from between their teeth. Then they also will be a remnant for our God, And be like a clan in Judah, And Ekron like a Jebusite.
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But I will camp around My house because of an army, Because of him who passes by and returns; And no oppressor will pass over them anymore, For now I have seen with My eyes.
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Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
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I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim And the horse from Jerusalem; And the bow of war will be cut off. And He will speak peace to the nations; And His dominion will be from sea to sea, And from the River to the ends of the earth.
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As for you also, because of the blood of My covenant with you, I have set your prisoners free from the waterless pit.
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Return to the stronghold, O prisoners who have the hope; This very day I am declaring that I will restore double to you.
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For I will bend Judah as My bow, I will fill the bow with Ephraim. And I will stir up your sons, O Zion, against your sons, O Greece; And I will make you like a warrior’s sword.
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Then the LORD will appear over them, And His arrow will go forth like lightning; And the Lord GOD will blow the trumpet, And will march in the storm winds of the south.
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The LORD of hosts will defend them. And they will devour and trample on the sling stones; And they will drink and be boisterous as with wine; And they will be filled like a sacrificial basin, Drenched like the corners of the altar.
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And the LORD their God will save them in that day As the flock of His people; For they are as the stones of a crown, Sparkling in His land.
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For what comeliness and beauty will be theirs! Grain will make the young men flourish, and new wine the virgins.
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In the fourth year of King Darius, the word of the LORD came to Zechariah on the fourth day of the ninth month, which is Chislev.
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Now the town of Bethel had sent Sharezer and Regemmelech and their men to seek the favor of the LORD,
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speaking to the priests who belong to the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, “Shall I weep in the fifth month and abstain, as I have done these many years?”
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Then the word of the LORD of hosts came to me, saying,
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“Say to all the people of the land and to the priests, ‘When you fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh months these seventy years, was it actually for Me that you fasted?
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When you eat and drink, do you not eat for yourselves and do you not drink for yourselves?
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Are not these the words which the LORD proclaimed by the former prophets, when Jerusalem was inhabited and prosperous along with its cities around it, and the Negev and the foothills were inhabited?’”
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Then the word of the LORD came to Zechariah saying,
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“Thus has the LORD of hosts said, ‘Dispense true justice and practice kindness and compassion each to his brother;
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and do not oppress the widow or the orphan, the stranger or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another.’
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But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears from hearing.
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They made their hearts like flint so that they could not hear the law and the words which the LORD of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets; therefore great wrath came from the LORD of hosts.
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And just as He called and they would not listen, so they called and I would not listen,” says the LORD of hosts;
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“but I scattered them with a storm wind among all the nations whom they have not known. Thus the land is desolated behind them so that no one went back and forth, for they made the pleasant land desolate.”
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