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Мысли вслух на Jdg 14:1-20

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Samson went down to Timnah and saw there a young Philistine woman.
When he returned, he said to his father and mother, "I have seen a Philistine woman in Timnah; now get her for me as my wife."
His father and mother replied, "Isn't there an acceptable woman among your relatives or among all our people? Must you go to the uncircumcised Philistines to get a wife?"
But Samson said to his father, "Get her for me. She's the right one for me."
(His parents did not know that this was from the LORD , who was seeking an occasion to confront the Philistines; for at that time they were ruling over Israel.)
Samson went down to Timnah together with his father and mother. As they approached the vineyards of Timnah, suddenly a young lion came roaring toward him.
The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power so that he tore the lion apart with his bare hands as he might have torn a young goat. But he told neither his father nor his mother what he had done.
Then he went down and talked with the woman, and he liked her.
Some time later, when he went back to marry her, he turned aside to look at the lion's carcass. In it was a swarm of bees and some honey,
which he scooped out with his hands and ate as he went along. When he rejoined his parents, he gave them some, and they too ate it. But he did not tell them that he had taken the honey from the lion's carcass.
10  Now his father went down to see the woman. And Samson made a feast there, as was customary for bridegrooms.
11  When he appeared, he was given thirty companions.
12  "Let me tell you a riddle," Samson said to them. "If you can give me the answer within the seven days of the feast, I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes.
13  If you can't tell me the answer, you must give me thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes."
"Tell us your riddle," they said. "Let's hear it."
14  He replied,
15  On the fourth1 14:15 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew seventh day, they said to Samson's wife, "Coax your husband into explaining the riddle for us, or we will burn you and your father's household to death. Did you invite us here to rob us?"
16  Then Samson's wife threw herself on him, sobbing, "You hate me! You don't really love me. You've given my people a riddle, but you haven't told me the answer."
"I haven't even explained it to my father or mother," he replied, "so why should I explain it to you?"
17  She cried the whole seven days of the feast. So on the seventh day he finally told her, because she continued to press him. She in turn explained the riddle to her people.
18  Before sunset on the seventh day the men of the town said to him,
19  Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. He went down to Ashkelon, struck down thirty of their men, stripped them of their belongings and gave their clothes to those who had explained the riddle. Burning with anger, he went up to his father's house.
20  And Samson's wife was given to the friend who had attended him at his wedding.
Свернуть

Образ Самсона кажется легендарным или, по крайней мере, полулегендарным. Прежде всего, конечно, бросается в глаза его необыкновенная физическая сила, но также и известная непредсказуемость поступков, и та решительность, за которой может стоять сила наподобие той, которой обладал Самсон. Его легко себе представить сказочным богатырём народного эпоса, и многие исследователи Библии именно так его себе и представляли, находя параллели к образу Самсона в эпосе соседних, да и не только соседних, народов. Самсон действительно напоминает эпического героя или персонажа народных легенд, но ведь и за такими героями стоит историческая реальность, пусть порой и несколько искажённая.

Впрочем, если говорить о Самсоне, нельзя не заметить, что священнописатель не злоупотребляет эпическими преувеличениями, описывая своего героя как человека необыкновенной, но всё же не сказочной силы. Разорвать льва голыми руками — случай феноменальный, но всё же возможный, люди такой силы на земле встречаются, хотя и очень редко. Реакция же на обман любимой девушки выдаёт в Самсоне человека вполне первобытного, не слишком владеющего своими эмоциями, да и не считающего нужным их сдерживать.

При этом становится почти сразу же очевидно, что филистимлян Самсон не любит, он полюбил лишь одну филистимлянку, но никоим образом не её народ. Такое противоречие его, как видно, совершенно не волнует: он, похоже, даже не считает нужным его замечать. Как всё это согласуется с утверждением, что Самсон — человек Божий? На первый взгляд он меньше всего похож на такового, но так кажется лишь нам сегодняшним: ведь образ Божьего человека у нас ассоциируется с теми привычными религиозными клише, которые на самом деле обычно свидетельствуют не столько о Боге и Его планах, сколько о нашем восприятии того и другого.

В древности же, особенно в культурах, где ещё были живы архаичные представления доисторических эпох, Божьим человеком считался прежде всего человек силы. Яхвизм не был исключением: в конце концов, Аврааму, например, Яхве открылся именно как Бог силы, как Эль-Шадай, и потому не было ничего странного в том, что Божий человек обладает сверхъестественной силой. Эта сила живёт в нём, определяя его собственную, человеческую жизнь, её ход, её течение. Присутствие силы придаёт ей смысл, делая её Божьей, как и человека, ею живущего. В этом смысле Самсон был именно Божьим человеком в самом буквальном смысле слова: он был вместилищем Божьей силы, которой и жил.

Другие мысли вслух

 
На Jdg 14:1-20
Samson went down to Timnah and saw there a young Philistine woman.
When he returned, he said to his father and mother, "I have seen a Philistine woman in Timnah; now get her for me as my wife."
His father and mother replied, "Isn't there an acceptable woman among your relatives or among all our people? Must you go to the uncircumcised Philistines to get a wife?"
But Samson said to his father, "Get her for me. She's the right one for me."
(His parents did not know that this was from the LORD , who was seeking an occasion to confront the Philistines; for at that time they were ruling over Israel.)
Samson went down to Timnah together with his father and mother. As they approached the vineyards of Timnah, suddenly a young lion came roaring toward him.
The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power so that he tore the lion apart with his bare hands as he might have torn a young goat. But he told neither his father nor his mother what he had done.
Then he went down and talked with the woman, and he liked her.
Some time later, when he went back to marry her, he turned aside to look at the lion's carcass. In it was a swarm of bees and some honey,
which he scooped out with his hands and ate as he went along. When he rejoined his parents, he gave them some, and they too ate it. But he did not tell them that he had taken the honey from the lion's carcass.
10  Now his father went down to see the woman. And Samson made a feast there, as was customary for bridegrooms.
11  When he appeared, he was given thirty companions.
12  "Let me tell you a riddle," Samson said to them. "If you can give me the answer within the seven days of the feast, I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes.
13  If you can't tell me the answer, you must give me thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes."
"Tell us your riddle," they said. "Let's hear it."
14  He replied,
15  On the fourth1 14:15 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew seventh day, they said to Samson's wife, "Coax your husband into explaining the riddle for us, or we will burn you and your father's household to death. Did you invite us here to rob us?"
16  Then Samson's wife threw herself on him, sobbing, "You hate me! You don't really love me. You've given my people a riddle, but you haven't told me the answer."
"I haven't even explained it to my father or mother," he replied, "so why should I explain it to you?"
17  She cried the whole seven days of the feast. So on the seventh day he finally told her, because she continued to press him. She in turn explained the riddle to her people.
18  Before sunset on the seventh day the men of the town said to him,
19  Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. He went down to Ashkelon, struck down thirty of their men, stripped them of their belongings and gave their clothes to those who had explained the riddle. Burning with anger, he went up to his father's house.
20  And Samson's wife was given to the friend who had attended him at his wedding.
Свернуть
Женитьба Самсона, которая сперва кажется его родителям прихотью, оборачивается поводом для нанесения ущерба врагам...  Читать далее

Женитьба Самсона, которая сперва кажется его родителям прихотью, оборачивается поводом для нанесения ущерба врагам. Виден характер Самсона: сила и бурный темперамент соседствуют с простодушием, сообразительность с бесхитростностью.

Подвиги Самсона, конечно, наносили ущерб врагам Израиля, и сам он выглядит былинным богатырём. Но встаёт вопрос: а каков же духовный смысл его проделок? Неужели особенное призвание от рождения и огромная сила использованы только для серии выходок, хотя и горько досадивших врагам, но не пошатнувших их владычества?

Может быть, ответ таков: народ до такой степени был задавлен язычниками, что в таких обстоятельствах именно неукротимые поступки Самсона были в состоянии взбодрить людей и показать, что не все склонились перед язычниками...

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