Библия-Центр
РУ

Мысли вслух на Exo 9:1-35

Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,
Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.
And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.
And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.
And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.
And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
13 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.
15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.
16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?
18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:
21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field.
22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.
28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.
29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD's.
30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.
31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
Свернуть

Сегодняшнее чтение во многом отвечает на вопрос о том, почему всё же Бог не смог или не захотел смягчить сердце фараона. Этим ответом является упоминание о том, что Бог вовсе не для того попускает казни египетские, чтобы просто стереть Египет и самого фараона с лица земли и убрать его с дороги, как досадную помеху Своим планам. Если бы цель заключалась только в этом, Богу ничего не стоило бы осуществить её намного быстрее (ст. 14 – 16). Но Ему важно, чтобы в противостоянии с упрямым фараоном стала очевидной для всех сила Божия (ст. 16). Казалось бы, если так, то лучшим доказательством силы и стало бы полное исчезновение с лица земли Египта и самого фараона. Но, видимо, сила Божия проявляется иначе. Ведь если бы, к примеру, Египет и впрямь был бы погублен каким-нибудь чудовищным природным катаклизмом, сила Божия проявила бы себя лишь как обычная природная сила, а Бог Библии в таком случае не очень отличался бы от любого языческого бога-громовника, разве лишь превосходя любого из них масштабами. Но Богу нужно не это. Ему нужны не трупы и не руины, а свидетели. Ведь отношения у Бога могут быть только с живыми людьми, и только живые люди могут рассказать другим о своих отношениях с Богом. По-видимому, способность Бога сокрушать города и страны одним ударом не является чем-то основополагающим для Его отношений с нами. Во всяком случае, Сам Он, обращаясь к человеку, внимания на этом не акцентирует. А вот признание Его как Владыки мироздания для Него чрезвычайно важно, и от фараона Он ждёт хотя бы такого признания — минимума, без которого никакие отношения с Ним человека становятся невозможны. И потому так важно для Него добровольное согласие фараона. Казалось бы, добровольным оно всё равно не является, ведь все казни египетские были, на первый взгляд, именно демонстрацией силы. Но демонстрация эта была, во-первых, избирательной, так что многие стихийные бедствия обошли народ Божий стороной (один из примеров тому мы находим и в сегодняшнем чтении, ст. 25 – 26), и, во-вторых, она была управляемой, прекращаясь по просьбе Моисея (пример тому есть и в сегодняшнем отрывке, ст. 33). Всё это должно было дать понять фараону, что Бог евреев, Которым он пренебрегает, хотя и может всё, тем не менее не стремится просто продемонстрировать Своё превосходство, Он хочет установления доверительных отношений, которые вполне возможны, если фараон решится признать Его Владыкой мира и, соответственно, исполнить то, чего Бог от него требует. Вначале добровольное и свободное признание власти Божией, и лишь потом — следование Его воле. Но если сердце человека продолжает упорствовать, такие отношения становятся невозможны, и тогда человек начинает видеть перед собой другой лик Бога, куда менее к нему благосклонный.

Другие мысли вслух

 
На Exo 9:1-35
Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,
Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.
And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.
And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.
And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.
And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
13 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.
15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.
16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?
18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:
21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field.
22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.
28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.
29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD's.
30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.
31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
Свернуть
Казни продолжаются. Стихийные бедствия обрушиваются на Египет одно за другим. Египетские маги уже признали своё бессилие, они уже прямо говорят фараону, что тут дело Божье, а потому они ничем не могут помочь...  Читать далее

Казни продолжаются. Стихийные бедствия обрушиваются на Египет одно за другим. Египетские маги уже признали своё бессилие, они уже прямо говорят фараону, что тут дело Божье, а потому они ничем не могут помочь. Даже народ начинает уже прислушиваться к словам странного пророка из евреев: ведь не прислушиваться, как показывает опыт, себе дороже. Если прислушаться, можно хотя бы минимизировать ущерб от стихии. Непреклонен остаётся лишь фараон. Впрочем, не совсем.

Иногда начинает казаться, что он готов отпустить народ. Обычно тогда, когда ситуация видится ему совсем уж катастрофической. Когда же она хотя бы на время улучшается — по молитвам всё того же Моисея, — фараон вновь становится прежним, жёстким и неуступчивым. Почему так? Что мешает ему увидеть очевидное, понять то, что уже понимают все его подданные? Боязнь потерять лицо? Может быть. Уступка с его стороны могла быть расценена всеми, и в первую очередь семитами, жившими в дельте, как слабость. Со слабыми обычно не церемонятся: за первой уступкой потребуют вторую, за второй — третью… Это, с точки зрения всякой власти, путь в пропасть.

Таким путём фараон пойти не мог. Было и другое: привычный уклад жизни. Привычные модели. Привычное мировоззрение. Если сейчас позволить одному из семитских племён уйти, это будет означать настоящий переворот, изменение всей жизни, всего мироощущения. Когда бывало, чтобы какие-то варвары заставляли фараонов Египта пойти у себя на поводу — да ещё вот так, без войны, не вторгаясь в Египет буйной ордой, а просто выпрашивая себе поблажки?

Невиданное дело! Кто будет после такого уважать его, фараона? Он и сам себя после этого уважать перестанет. К тому же ведь и неизвестно ещё, не мистификация ли всё происходящее, может быть, бедствия, обрушившиеся на страну, и не связаны напрямую со странным пророком. Может быть, вообще вот это самое бедствие и станет уже последним, и дальше всё будет опять как прежде… Но бедствия повторялись снова и снова, повторялись с тем, чтобы фараон наконец убедился: перед ним не случайность, народ надо отпускать, иначе конца катаклизмам не будет.

Свернуть
 
На Exo 9:1-35
Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,
Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.
And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.
And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.
And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.
And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
13 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.
15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.
16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?
18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:
21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field.
22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.
28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.
29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD's.
30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.
31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
Свернуть
Катастрофа, захватившая Египет, описывается библейским автором очень схематично, выводы напрашиваются сами собой...  Читать далее

Катастрофа, захватившая Египет, описывается библейским автором очень схематично, выводы напрашиваются сами собой: нечестивый царь — неверующий народ — наказание, - и наоборот: пророк — верный народ — благополучие (израильтян не касается ни одна из египетских «казней»). На первый взгляд такое богословие довольно примитивно. Разве верующие люди не страдают? Разве в мировых катастрофах не гибнут люди разных убеждений, «хорошие» и «плохие»? Да и как различить хороших и плохих, и разве Бог не «благ к неблагодарным и злым»? За этим древним и специфическим языком («врагов казнить, наших помиловать») стоит и другая, более универсальная истина: зло, происходящее в мире, является следствием человеческого зла (пускай не напрямую), смерть приходит в мир из-за недоверия Богу, а следовательно, вера — путь жизни, пусть даже мы не всегда можем видеть это своими глазами.

Свернуть
 
На Exo 9:1-35
Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,
Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.
And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.
And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.
And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.
And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.
And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.
And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.
10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.
11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.
13 And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
14 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.
15 For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.
16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go?
18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.
20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:
21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field.
22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.
23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.
28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.
29 And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD's.
30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.
31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up.
33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
Свернуть
Сегодняшнее чтение во многом отвечает на вопрос о том, почему всё же Бог не смог или не захотел смягчить сердце...  Читать далее

Сегодняшнее чтение во многом отвечает на вопрос о том, почему всё же Бог не смог или не захотел смягчить сердце фараона. Этим ответом является упоминание о том, что Бог вовсе не для того попускает казни египетские, чтобы просто стереть Египет и самого фараона с лица земли и убрать его с дороги, как досадную помеху Своим планам. Если бы цель заключалась только в этом, Богу ничего не стоило бы осуществить её намного быстрее (ст. 14 – 16). Но Ему важно, чтобы в противостоянии с упрямым фараоном стала очевидной для всех сила Божия (ст. 16). Казалось бы, если так, то лучшим доказательством силы и стало бы полное исчезновение с лица земли Египта и самого фараона. Но, видимо, сила Божия проявляется иначе. Ведь если бы, к примеру, Египет и впрямь был бы погублен каким-нибудь чудовищным природным катаклизмом, сила Божия проявила бы себя лишь как обычная природная сила, а Бог Библии в таком случае не очень отличался бы от любого языческого бога-громовника, разве лишь превосходя любого из них масштабами. Но Богу нужно не это. Ему нужны не трупы и не руины, а свидетели. Ведь отношения у Бога могут быть только с живыми людьми, и только живые люди могут рассказать другим о своих отношениях с Богом. По-видимому, способность Бога сокрушать города и страны одним ударом не является чем-то основополагающим для Его отношений с нами. Во всяком случае, Сам Он, обращаясь к человеку, внимания на этом не акцентирует. А вот признание Его как Владыки мироздания для Него чрезвычайно важно, и от фараона Он ждёт хотя бы такого признания — минимума, без которого никакие отношения с Ним человека становятся невозможны. И потому так важно для Него добровольное согласие фараона. Казалось бы, добровольным оно всё равно не является, ведь все казни египетские были, на первый взгляд, именно демонстрацией силы. Но демонстрация эта была, во-первых, избирательной, так что многие стихийные бедствия обошли народ Божий стороной (один из примеров тому мы находим и в сегодняшнем чтении, ст. 25 – 26), и, во-вторых, она была управляемой, прекращаясь по просьбе Моисея (пример тому есть и в сегодняшнем отрывке, ст. 33). Всё это должно было дать понять фараону, что Бог евреев, Которым он пренебрегает, хотя и может всё, тем не менее не стремится просто продемонстрировать Своё превосходство, Он хочет установления доверительных отношений, которые вполне возможны, если фараон решится признать Его Владыкой мира и, соответственно, исполнить то, чего Бог от него требует. Вначале добровольное и свободное признание власти Божией, и лишь потом — следование Его воле. Но если сердце человека продолжает упорствовать, такие отношения становятся невозможны, и тогда человек начинает видеть перед собой другой лик Бога, куда менее к нему благосклонный.

Свернуть

Благодаря регистрации Вы можете подписаться на рассылку текстов любого из планов чтения Библии

Мы планируем постепенно развивать возможности самостоятельной настройки сайта и другие дополнительные сервисы для зарегистрированных пользователей, так что советуем регистрироваться уже сейчас (разумеется, бесплатно).