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Мысли вслух на Jer 5:1-31

"Go up and down the streets of Jerusalem,
look around and consider,
search through her squares.
If you can find but one person
who deals honestly and seeks the truth,
I will forgive this city.
Although they say, 'As surely as the LORD lives,'
still they are swearing falsely."
O LORD , do not your eyes look for truth?
You struck them, but they felt no pain;
you crushed them, but they refused correction.
They made their faces harder than stone
and refused to repent.
I thought, "These are only the poor;
they are foolish,
for they do not know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God.
So I will go to the leaders
and speak to them;
surely they know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God."
But with one accord they too had broken off the yoke
and torn off the bonds.
Therefore a lion from the forest will attack them,
a wolf from the desert will ravage them,
a leopard will lie in wait near their towns
to tear to pieces any who venture out,
for their rebellion is great
and their backslidings many.
"Why should I forgive you?
Your children have forsaken me
and sworn by gods that are not gods.
I supplied all their needs,
yet they committed adultery
and thronged to the houses of prostitutes.
They are well-fed, lusty stallions,
each neighing for another man's wife.
Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
10  "Go through her vineyards and ravage them,
but do not destroy them completely.
Strip off her branches,
for these people do not belong to the LORD .
11  The house of Israel and the house of Judah
have been utterly unfaithful to me,"
declares the LORD .
12  They have lied about the LORD ;
they said, "He will do nothing!
No harm will come to us;
we will never see sword or famine.
13  The prophets are but wind
and the word is not in them;
so let what they say be done to them."
14  Therefore this is what the LORD God Almighty says:
15  O house of Israel," declares the LORD ,
"I am bringing a distant nation against you-
an ancient and enduring nation,
a people whose language you do not know,
whose speech you do not understand.
16  Their quivers are like an open grave;
all of them are mighty warriors.
17  They will devour your harvests and food,
devour your sons and daughters;
they will devour your flocks and herds,
devour your vines and fig trees.
With the sword they will destroy
the fortified cities in which you trust.
18  "Yet even in those days," declares the LORD , "I will not destroy you completely.
19  And when the people ask, 'Why has the LORD our God done all this to us?' you will tell them, 'As you have forsaken me and served foreign gods in your own land, so now you will serve foreigners in a land not your own.'
20  "Announce this to the house of Jacob
and proclaim it in Judah:
21  Hear this, you foolish and senseless people,
who have eyes but do not see,
who have ears but do not hear:
22  Should you not fear me?" declares the LORD .
"Should you not tremble in my presence?
I made the sand a boundary for the sea,
an everlasting barrier it cannot cross.
The waves may roll, but they cannot prevail;
they may roar, but they cannot cross it.
23  But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts;
they have turned aside and gone away.
24  They do not say to themselves,
'Let us fear the LORD our God,
who gives autumn and spring rains in season,
who assures us of the regular weeks of harvest.'
25  Your wrongdoings have kept these away;
your sins have deprived you of good.
26  "Among my people are wicked men
who lie in wait like men who snare birds
and like those who set traps to catch men.
27  Like cages full of birds,
their houses are full of deceit;
they have become rich and powerful
28  and have grown fat and sleek.
Their evil deeds have no limit;
they do not plead the case of the fatherless to win it,
they do not defend the rights of the poor.
29  Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
30  "A horrible and shocking thing
has happened in the land:
31  The prophets prophesy lies,
the priests rule by their own authority,
and my people love it this way.
But what will you do in the end?
Свернуть

Как некогда в Содоме, Господь готов помиловать Иерусалим, если в нём найдётся хотя бы один праведник. Но если в защиту содомских праведников голос был поднят человеком, то здесь Сам Господь готов проявить милость к впавшему в грех городу. Вот только выясняется, что даже в грешном Содоме нашёлся один праведник, а в городе Давидовом не оказалось ни одного. Пророк обличает не только тех, кому богатство помогает грешить с размахом, но и тех, кто беден, кто является жертвой беззаконий, совершаемых разжиревшими чиновниками.

Для тех, кто привык мыслить чисто социальными категориями, такой подход неприемлем, бедные, жертвы несправедливости, кажутся оправданными уже в силу своего задавленного положения. Но ведь и они по разному реагируют на одни и те же трудные обстоятельства. Зло не считается с имущественным расслоением, оно готово заразить любого, кто ему поддастся. Протестующие против несправедливости, допущенной по отношению к ним, слишком легко становятся несправедливыми в свою пользу по отношению к другим.

За всё это придётся отвечать, но и на этот раз Господь предупреждает, что не допустит полной гибели народа и не истребит его до конца. Если же нам кажется, что беды, которым предстояло обрушиться на грешников, были чрезмерными, подумаем о том, что своими грехами мы часто заслуживаем неизмеримо большего, чем то, что нам выпадает. И уже в том, что бедствия оказываются меньшими, чем могли бы быть, следует видеть проявление Его милости к нам.

Другие мысли вслух

 
На Jer 5:1-31
"Go up and down the streets of Jerusalem,
look around and consider,
search through her squares.
If you can find but one person
who deals honestly and seeks the truth,
I will forgive this city.
Although they say, 'As surely as the LORD lives,'
still they are swearing falsely."
O LORD , do not your eyes look for truth?
You struck them, but they felt no pain;
you crushed them, but they refused correction.
They made their faces harder than stone
and refused to repent.
I thought, "These are only the poor;
they are foolish,
for they do not know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God.
So I will go to the leaders
and speak to them;
surely they know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God."
But with one accord they too had broken off the yoke
and torn off the bonds.
Therefore a lion from the forest will attack them,
a wolf from the desert will ravage them,
a leopard will lie in wait near their towns
to tear to pieces any who venture out,
for their rebellion is great
and their backslidings many.
"Why should I forgive you?
Your children have forsaken me
and sworn by gods that are not gods.
I supplied all their needs,
yet they committed adultery
and thronged to the houses of prostitutes.
They are well-fed, lusty stallions,
each neighing for another man's wife.
Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
10  "Go through her vineyards and ravage them,
but do not destroy them completely.
Strip off her branches,
for these people do not belong to the LORD .
11  The house of Israel and the house of Judah
have been utterly unfaithful to me,"
declares the LORD .
12  They have lied about the LORD ;
they said, "He will do nothing!
No harm will come to us;
we will never see sword or famine.
13  The prophets are but wind
and the word is not in them;
so let what they say be done to them."
14  Therefore this is what the LORD God Almighty says:
15  O house of Israel," declares the LORD ,
"I am bringing a distant nation against you-
an ancient and enduring nation,
a people whose language you do not know,
whose speech you do not understand.
16  Their quivers are like an open grave;
all of them are mighty warriors.
17  They will devour your harvests and food,
devour your sons and daughters;
they will devour your flocks and herds,
devour your vines and fig trees.
With the sword they will destroy
the fortified cities in which you trust.
18  "Yet even in those days," declares the LORD , "I will not destroy you completely.
19  And when the people ask, 'Why has the LORD our God done all this to us?' you will tell them, 'As you have forsaken me and served foreign gods in your own land, so now you will serve foreigners in a land not your own.'
20  "Announce this to the house of Jacob
and proclaim it in Judah:
21  Hear this, you foolish and senseless people,
who have eyes but do not see,
who have ears but do not hear:
22  Should you not fear me?" declares the LORD .
"Should you not tremble in my presence?
I made the sand a boundary for the sea,
an everlasting barrier it cannot cross.
The waves may roll, but they cannot prevail;
they may roar, but they cannot cross it.
23  But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts;
they have turned aside and gone away.
24  They do not say to themselves,
'Let us fear the LORD our God,
who gives autumn and spring rains in season,
who assures us of the regular weeks of harvest.'
25  Your wrongdoings have kept these away;
your sins have deprived you of good.
26  "Among my people are wicked men
who lie in wait like men who snare birds
and like those who set traps to catch men.
27  Like cages full of birds,
their houses are full of deceit;
they have become rich and powerful
28  and have grown fat and sleek.
Their evil deeds have no limit;
they do not plead the case of the fatherless to win it,
they do not defend the rights of the poor.
29  Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
30  "A horrible and shocking thing
has happened in the land:
31  The prophets prophesy lies,
the priests rule by their own authority,
and my people love it this way.
But what will you do in the end?
Свернуть
Катастрофа грядет на народ Иудеи не столько как наказание...  Читать далее

Катастрофа грядет на народ Иудеи не столько как наказание за какие-то определенные грехи, а потому, что в этой стране, призванной стать местом присутствия Бога на земле, для Него просто не осталось места. Дело не в том, что жители Иерусалима стали какими-то страшными злодеями, а в том, что Бог стал им просто неинтересен. У всех нашлись другие интересы: беднякам надо работать, богачам — пировать, пророкам — пророчествовать, священникам — приносить жертвы... а Бог оказался ни при чем. И это страшнее любого греха. Грех можно простить, иногда исправить, как-то попытаться найти выход из ситуации, а когда люди забывают Бога, то прощение и жертва и пророчество теряют смысл. А когда исчезает смысл — приходит смерть, самая бессмысленная вещь на свете.

Свернуть
 
На Jer 5:1-31
"Go up and down the streets of Jerusalem,
look around and consider,
search through her squares.
If you can find but one person
who deals honestly and seeks the truth,
I will forgive this city.
Although they say, 'As surely as the LORD lives,'
still they are swearing falsely."
O LORD , do not your eyes look for truth?
You struck them, but they felt no pain;
you crushed them, but they refused correction.
They made their faces harder than stone
and refused to repent.
I thought, "These are only the poor;
they are foolish,
for they do not know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God.
So I will go to the leaders
and speak to them;
surely they know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God."
But with one accord they too had broken off the yoke
and torn off the bonds.
Therefore a lion from the forest will attack them,
a wolf from the desert will ravage them,
a leopard will lie in wait near their towns
to tear to pieces any who venture out,
for their rebellion is great
and their backslidings many.
"Why should I forgive you?
Your children have forsaken me
and sworn by gods that are not gods.
I supplied all their needs,
yet they committed adultery
and thronged to the houses of prostitutes.
They are well-fed, lusty stallions,
each neighing for another man's wife.
Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
10  "Go through her vineyards and ravage them,
but do not destroy them completely.
Strip off her branches,
for these people do not belong to the LORD .
11  The house of Israel and the house of Judah
have been utterly unfaithful to me,"
declares the LORD .
12  They have lied about the LORD ;
they said, "He will do nothing!
No harm will come to us;
we will never see sword or famine.
13  The prophets are but wind
and the word is not in them;
so let what they say be done to them."
14  Therefore this is what the LORD God Almighty says:
15  O house of Israel," declares the LORD ,
"I am bringing a distant nation against you-
an ancient and enduring nation,
a people whose language you do not know,
whose speech you do not understand.
16  Their quivers are like an open grave;
all of them are mighty warriors.
17  They will devour your harvests and food,
devour your sons and daughters;
they will devour your flocks and herds,
devour your vines and fig trees.
With the sword they will destroy
the fortified cities in which you trust.
18  "Yet even in those days," declares the LORD , "I will not destroy you completely.
19  And when the people ask, 'Why has the LORD our God done all this to us?' you will tell them, 'As you have forsaken me and served foreign gods in your own land, so now you will serve foreigners in a land not your own.'
20  "Announce this to the house of Jacob
and proclaim it in Judah:
21  Hear this, you foolish and senseless people,
who have eyes but do not see,
who have ears but do not hear:
22  Should you not fear me?" declares the LORD .
"Should you not tremble in my presence?
I made the sand a boundary for the sea,
an everlasting barrier it cannot cross.
The waves may roll, but they cannot prevail;
they may roar, but they cannot cross it.
23  But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts;
they have turned aside and gone away.
24  They do not say to themselves,
'Let us fear the LORD our God,
who gives autumn and spring rains in season,
who assures us of the regular weeks of harvest.'
25  Your wrongdoings have kept these away;
your sins have deprived you of good.
26  "Among my people are wicked men
who lie in wait like men who snare birds
and like those who set traps to catch men.
27  Like cages full of birds,
their houses are full of deceit;
they have become rich and powerful
28  and have grown fat and sleek.
Their evil deeds have no limit;
they do not plead the case of the fatherless to win it,
they do not defend the rights of the poor.
29  Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
30  "A horrible and shocking thing
has happened in the land:
31  The prophets prophesy lies,
the priests rule by their own authority,
and my people love it this way.
But what will you do in the end?
Свернуть
Чтобы предотвратить катастрофу, нужно так мало...  Читать далее

Чтобы предотвратить катастрофу, нужно так мало: только один человек, ищущий истины! Неужели и его не найдется в Иерусалиме? Мир действительно спасается одним Человеком, Который знает Отца и может открыть Его другим. Как важно сейчас, когда мир снова на пороге физической и духовной катастрофы, дать Ему возможность действовать через нас для спасения всего мира.

Свернуть
 
На Jer 5:1-31
"Go up and down the streets of Jerusalem,
look around and consider,
search through her squares.
If you can find but one person
who deals honestly and seeks the truth,
I will forgive this city.
Although they say, 'As surely as the LORD lives,'
still they are swearing falsely."
O LORD , do not your eyes look for truth?
You struck them, but they felt no pain;
you crushed them, but they refused correction.
They made their faces harder than stone
and refused to repent.
I thought, "These are only the poor;
they are foolish,
for they do not know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God.
So I will go to the leaders
and speak to them;
surely they know the way of the LORD ,
the requirements of their God."
But with one accord they too had broken off the yoke
and torn off the bonds.
Therefore a lion from the forest will attack them,
a wolf from the desert will ravage them,
a leopard will lie in wait near their towns
to tear to pieces any who venture out,
for their rebellion is great
and their backslidings many.
"Why should I forgive you?
Your children have forsaken me
and sworn by gods that are not gods.
I supplied all their needs,
yet they committed adultery
and thronged to the houses of prostitutes.
They are well-fed, lusty stallions,
each neighing for another man's wife.
Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
10  "Go through her vineyards and ravage them,
but do not destroy them completely.
Strip off her branches,
for these people do not belong to the LORD .
11  The house of Israel and the house of Judah
have been utterly unfaithful to me,"
declares the LORD .
12  They have lied about the LORD ;
they said, "He will do nothing!
No harm will come to us;
we will never see sword or famine.
13  The prophets are but wind
and the word is not in them;
so let what they say be done to them."
14  Therefore this is what the LORD God Almighty says:
15  O house of Israel," declares the LORD ,
"I am bringing a distant nation against you-
an ancient and enduring nation,
a people whose language you do not know,
whose speech you do not understand.
16  Their quivers are like an open grave;
all of them are mighty warriors.
17  They will devour your harvests and food,
devour your sons and daughters;
they will devour your flocks and herds,
devour your vines and fig trees.
With the sword they will destroy
the fortified cities in which you trust.
18  "Yet even in those days," declares the LORD , "I will not destroy you completely.
19  And when the people ask, 'Why has the LORD our God done all this to us?' you will tell them, 'As you have forsaken me and served foreign gods in your own land, so now you will serve foreigners in a land not your own.'
20  "Announce this to the house of Jacob
and proclaim it in Judah:
21  Hear this, you foolish and senseless people,
who have eyes but do not see,
who have ears but do not hear:
22  Should you not fear me?" declares the LORD .
"Should you not tremble in my presence?
I made the sand a boundary for the sea,
an everlasting barrier it cannot cross.
The waves may roll, but they cannot prevail;
they may roar, but they cannot cross it.
23  But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts;
they have turned aside and gone away.
24  They do not say to themselves,
'Let us fear the LORD our God,
who gives autumn and spring rains in season,
who assures us of the regular weeks of harvest.'
25  Your wrongdoings have kept these away;
your sins have deprived you of good.
26  "Among my people are wicked men
who lie in wait like men who snare birds
and like those who set traps to catch men.
27  Like cages full of birds,
their houses are full of deceit;
they have become rich and powerful
28  and have grown fat and sleek.
Their evil deeds have no limit;
they do not plead the case of the fatherless to win it,
they do not defend the rights of the poor.
29  Should I not punish them for this?"
declares the LORD .
"Should I not avenge myself
on such a nation as this?
30  "A horrible and shocking thing
has happened in the land:
31  The prophets prophesy lies,
the priests rule by their own authority,
and my people love it this way.
But what will you do in the end?
Свернуть
Сегодняшнее чтение позволяет нам лучше понять, что имеют в виду библейские авторы, говоря о «наказании Божием»...  Читать далее

Сегодняшнее чтение позволяет нам лучше понять, что имеют в виду библейские авторы, говоря о «наказании Божием». Начинается отрывок с описания довольно мрачной духовно картины: во всём Иерусалиме нет никого, кто всерьёз задумывался бы о таких основополагающих вещах, как праведность («правда») и верность Богу («истина») (ст. 1–5). Причём относится это, как видно, не только к простому народу, который не особо сведущ в Торе, но и к тем, кто может и должен в этом разбираться и понимать, что он делает. Но самым страшным здесь оказывается даже не сам грех, а то отношение к Богу, которое можно назвать практическим атеизмом: люди, знающие о Торе всё, что им положено знать, как видно, нарушают заповеди не потому, что надеются на прощение, а потому, что фактически они в Бога не верят (ст. 12–13).

Такой практический атеизм, впрочем, вовсе не обязательно должен был быть открытым, он вполне мог даже сочетаться с внешней (а иногда, быть может, и показной) религиозностью, но к пророческой проповеди эти практические атеисты относились, как минимум, с неприязнью: ведь пророки всегда напоминали не о внешней религиозности, а о живом, реальном Боге, о Котором нарушители Торы предпочитали не думать. Но даже в такой ситуации Бог не желает полного уничтожения Своего народа (ст. 10, 18). Казалось бы, с людьми, говорящими Богу «нет», сохранять какие бы то ни было отношения совершенно бесперспективно. Даже у воинствующего атеиста больше возможностей найти Бога, чем у хладнокровного циника: ведь яростное отрицание Бога — тоже отношение, оно может при определённых условиях перемениться на прямо противоположное, цинизм же исключает всякие отношения полностью, цинику никто не нужен и не интересен, кроме него самого. Такого человека может духовно разбудить и привести в чувство лишь одно: катастрофа, крах всех планов и надежд, притом такой, при котором становится совершенно очевидно, что никакой возможности изменить ситуацию своими силами нет.

Конечно, и это само по себе не гарантия того, что циник пересмотрит своё отношение к миру, но это всё же хоть какая-то возможность. Однако в таком случае, конечно, катастрофа не должна быть окончательной: ведь тогда говорить о каком-то изменении жизни, хотя бы в будущем, станет просто бессмысленно. И Бог попускает Своему народу пройти через такую катастрофу. Катастрофу, пережить которую духовно можно было, лишь полностью предав себя в волю Божию и став частью того остатка, о котором говорили пророки.

Свернуть

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