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Мысли вслух на Est 2:1-11

1 After these things when the anger of King Ahasuerus had subsided, he remembered Vashti and what she had done and what had been decreed against her. 2 Then the king’s attendants, who served him, said, “Let beautiful young virgins be sought for the king. 3 Let the king appoint overseers in all the provinces of his kingdom that they may gather every beautiful young virgin to the citadel of Susa, to the harem, into the custody of Hegai, the king’s eunuch, who is in charge of the women; and let their cosmetics be given them. 4 Then let the young lady who pleases the king be queen in place of Vashti.” And the matter pleased the king, and he did accordingly.
5 Now there was at the citadel in Susa a Jew whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite, 6 who had been taken into exile from Jerusalem with the captives who had been exiled with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had exiled. 7 He was bringing up Hadassah, that is Esther, his uncle’s daughter, for she had no father or mother. Now the young lady was beautiful of form anda Lit good of appearanceface, and when her father and her mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter.
8 So it came about when the command and decree of the king were heard and many young ladies were gathered to the citadel of Susa into the custody of Hegai, that Esther was taken to the king’sb Lit housepalace into the custody of Hegai, who was in charge of the women. 9 Now the young lady pleased him and found favor with him. So he quickly provided her with her cosmetics andc Lit portionsfood, gave her seven choice maids from the king’s palace and transferred her and her maids to the best place in the harem. 10 Esther did not make known her people or her kindred, for Mordecai had instructed her that she should not make them known. 11 Every day Mordecai walked back and forth in front of the court of the harem to learn how Esther was and how she fared.
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Ключевой момент повествования в начале второй главы книги Есфирь — слова Мардохея о том, что Есфири не следует упоминать о своем иудейском происхождении. Персы той эпохи не были больны антисемитизмом, и дело не в этом. Но вера Есфири как иудеянки не должна была бросаться в глаза. Позже мы встретимся с подобным поведением в начале христианской эры. Язычники обычно безразличны к вере других людей — если они не проявляют нечто, слишком резко отличное от языческих взглядов. Кроме того, по смыслу книги важно, что Есфирь отличается в первую очередь не исповеданием, о котором окружающие могут и не знать ничего — отличен ее нравственный облик.

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