The Bible considers any bloodshed as the most terrible violation of God's will. It {the dispensation} is the first concrete demonstration of the fall of man, pernicious not only for Man, but also for all the creation (" The voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground. » Gen 4:10). Murder penetrates into the world because of human sin and becomes the cause of the first human death. The story about Cain’s posterity lets know that bloody violence increases in human society as a snowball. Lamech boasts to have killed a man for a scratch. The rampart on the road of the uncontrollable Man-murderer establishes the first covenant (pact) between God and People - covenant concluded with Noah and his posterity. Since the life of every human being belongs only to God, this covenant, presuming the beginning of the road for the salvation of Man from sin and death, requires the rejection of bloodshed.

The law of Sinai concretizes the notion of murder and establishes certain frames of the forms of violence conjoint to the murder. God's fifth command forbids firmly the murder in its penal sense, which means a deliberate violent deprivation of human life. The law of Sinai raises at the same time other forms of murder (by carelessness, as self-defense etc.), which are not as severely punished as an aforethought murder, but still remain prohibited. The use of violence is admissible only in case of constraint as an answer to violence, but this must be proportional. The requirement “an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth " marks then a remarkable step forward in the moral development of the person in comparison with the "boaster Lamech". However, the Law of Sinai allows rather widely the death penalty, making it a legal social form of murder, while forbidding domestic violence, especially those of mercenary motives. Murder is neither forbidden, nor restricted during wars.

However, the understanding of murder and attitude towards violence on a broader scale considerably changed after the conclusion of Sinai’s covenant at the beginning of the prophetical period (8 century before. J.C). The prophet Nathan rebukes King David for Uriah’s death, although the King’s action does not fall within the notion murder, inherent to Moses’ law: the king didn’t commit the murder himself; he just arranged the circumstances necessary for its fulfillment. Nevertheless, the prophet Nathan qualifies the king’s act as murder. The prophet Amos - first of the prophets’ writers proclaims at the beginning of his book God's judgment, especially on the forms of violence which were not forbidden by the law of Sinai. In the following generation after Amos, Esaïe of Jerusalem assimilates social injustice and oppression of the poor to bloodshed. The prophet Esaïe makes know that an economic violence is also abominable to God, as bloodshed. The deprivation of the means of subsistence does not differ from murder; and for all other prophets writers is so too.

Finally the Lord widens and deepens more again the prohibition to murder in the New Testament: He assimilates to the murder any anger of a Man on another in the sermon on the Mountain. Even a subvocal hostility, especially hatred between people is forbidden as a form of murder. The call not to return evil by evil but to overcome the evil by goodness makes impossible the application of the forms of murder which were admitted by the law of Sinai. And any bloodshed becomes then prohibited for Jesus’ followers.

This position became the base of the attitude of the Christian Church regarding murder. Besides, Christians had always understood that they live and act in an imperfect world, where they still have to free their selves from evil. That is why in certain cases the responsibility of the Christian makes his participation in violence unavoidable. But nevertheless, even in this case bloodshed is considered as a sin, needy to be confessed and forgiven.

Related quotes:

Genesis   ch.  4,  verse 10
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
Genesis   ch.  4,  verse 10
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
Genesis   ch.  4,  verse 10
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
Genesis   ch.  4,  verse 8-11
And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
Genesis   ch.  4,  verse 23-24
23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.
24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
Genesis   ch.  9,  verse 5-7
And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.
Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.
Exodus   ch.  20,  verse 13
13 Thou shalt not kill.
Exodus   ch.  21,  verse 12-15
12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.
13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.
14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.
15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.
Leviticus   ch.  24,  verse 19-22
19 And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him;
20 Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in a man, so shall it be done to him again.
21 And he that killeth a beast, he shall restore it: and he that killeth a man, he shall be put to death.
22 Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.
Amos   ch.  2,  verse 6
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes;
Isaiah   ch.  1,  verse 15-18
15 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
Matthew   ch.  5,  verse 21-24
21 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:
22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;
24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
Mark   ch.  7,  verse 21-23
21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,
22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.
1 John   ch.  3,  verse 15
15 Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.
Romans   ch.  12,  verse 20-21
20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

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