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Мысли вслух на Sa2 2:2-17

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So David went up there with his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
David also took the men who were with him, each with his family, and they settled in Hebron and its towns.
Then the men of Judah came to Hebron and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.
When David was told that it was the men of Jabesh Gilead who had buried Saul,
he sent messengers to the men of Jabesh Gilead to say to them, "The LORD bless you for showing this kindness to Saul your master by burying him.
May the LORD now show you kindness and faithfulness, and I too will show you the same favor because you have done this.
Now then, be strong and brave, for Saul your master is dead, and the house of Judah has anointed me king over them."
Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner, the commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-Bosheth son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim.
He made him king over Gilead, Ashuri1 2:9 Or Asher and Jezreel, and also over Ephraim, Benjamin and all Israel.
10  Ish-Bosheth son of Saul was forty years old when he became king over Israel, and he reigned two years. The house of Judah, however, followed David.
11  The length of time David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
12  Abner son of Ner, together with the men of Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, left Mahanaim and went to Gibeon.
13  Joab son of Zeruiah and David's men went out and met them at the pool of Gibeon. One group sat down on one side of the pool and one group on the other side.
14  Then Abner said to Joab, "Let's have some of the young men get up and fight hand to hand in front of us."
"All right, let them do it," Joab said.
15  So they stood up and were counted off-twelve men for Benjamin and Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, and twelve for David.
16  Then each man grabbed his opponent by the head and thrust his dagger into his opponent's side, and they fell down together. So that place in Gibeon was called Helkath Hazzurim.2 2:16 Helkath Hazzurim means field of daggers or field of hostilities .
17  The battle that day was very fierce, and Abner and the men of Israel were defeated by David's men.
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Что страшного в желании Давида пересчитать свой народ? Царь всего лишь выясняет, чем он владеет. Информация небесполезная и для правителя очень важная. Из нее узнаешь, на какое количество солдат ты можешь расчитывать в войне, сколько налогов можно собрать и т.д. Нам кажется, что царь вправе все это знать, поскольку власть царя безгранична. Особенно царя, поставленного Богом. Но уникальность положения царя Израиля в том, что народ, данный ему, на самом деле принадлежит Богу. Бог его считает, умножает, воспитывает. И желание отодвинуть Бога, лишить Его власти хотя бы мысленно, все посчитать и всем овладеть, вытеснив Бога повыше, чтобы распоряжаться земным самому, это желание не помазанника, но любого человека. Одновременно это и корень первородного греха: владеть всем самому и объявить себя хозяином всего, что, казалось бы, твое. Но это «все» только дано в управление. И Владелец Сам знает времена и сроки, когда Он выясняет, насколько разумно ты управляешь тем, что тебе доверено.

Другие мысли вслух

 
На Sa2 2:1-32
In the course of time, David inquired of the LORD . "Shall I go up to one of the towns of Judah?" he asked.
The LORD said, "Go up."
David asked, "Where shall I go?"
"To Hebron," the LORD answered.
So David went up there with his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
David also took the men who were with him, each with his family, and they settled in Hebron and its towns.
Then the men of Judah came to Hebron and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.
When David was told that it was the men of Jabesh Gilead who had buried Saul,
he sent messengers to the men of Jabesh Gilead to say to them, "The LORD bless you for showing this kindness to Saul your master by burying him.
May the LORD now show you kindness and faithfulness, and I too will show you the same favor because you have done this.
Now then, be strong and brave, for Saul your master is dead, and the house of Judah has anointed me king over them."
Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner, the commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-Bosheth son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim.
He made him king over Gilead, Ashuri1 2:9 Or Asher and Jezreel, and also over Ephraim, Benjamin and all Israel.
10  Ish-Bosheth son of Saul was forty years old when he became king over Israel, and he reigned two years. The house of Judah, however, followed David.
11  The length of time David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
12  Abner son of Ner, together with the men of Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, left Mahanaim and went to Gibeon.
13  Joab son of Zeruiah and David's men went out and met them at the pool of Gibeon. One group sat down on one side of the pool and one group on the other side.
14  Then Abner said to Joab, "Let's have some of the young men get up and fight hand to hand in front of us."
"All right, let them do it," Joab said.
15  So they stood up and were counted off-twelve men for Benjamin and Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, and twelve for David.
16  Then each man grabbed his opponent by the head and thrust his dagger into his opponent's side, and they fell down together. So that place in Gibeon was called Helkath Hazzurim.2 2:16 Helkath Hazzurim means field of daggers or field of hostilities .
17  The battle that day was very fierce, and Abner and the men of Israel were defeated by David's men.
18  The three sons of Zeruiah were there: Joab, Abishai and Asahel. Now Asahel was as fleet-footed as a wild gazelle.
19  He chased Abner, turning neither to the right nor to the left as he pursued him.
20  Abner looked behind him and asked, "Is that you, Asahel?"
"It is," he answered.
21  Then Abner said to him, "Turn aside to the right or to the left; take on one of the young men and strip him of his weapons." But Asahel would not stop chasing him.
22  Again Abner warned Asahel, "Stop chasing me! Why should I strike you down? How could I look your brother Joab in the face?"
23  But Asahel refused to give up the pursuit; so Abner thrust the butt of his spear into Asahel's stomach, and the spear came out through his back. He fell there and died on the spot. And every man stopped when he came to the place where Asahel had fallen and died.
24  But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner, and as the sun was setting, they came to the hill of Ammah, near Giah on the way to the wasteland of Gibeon.
25  Then the men of Benjamin rallied behind Abner. They formed themselves into a group and took their stand on top of a hill.
26  Abner called out to Joab, "Must the sword devour forever? Don't you realize that this will end in bitterness? How long before you order your men to stop pursuing their brothers?"
27  Joab answered, "As surely as God lives, if you had not spoken, the men would have continued the pursuit of their brothers until morning.3 2:27 Or spoken this morning, the men would not have taken up the pursuit of their brothers; or spoken, the men would have given up the pursuit of their brothers by morning "
28  So Joab blew the trumpet, and all the men came to a halt; they no longer pursued Israel, nor did they fight anymore.
29  All that night Abner and his men marched through the Arabah. They crossed the Jordan, continued through the whole Bithron4 2:29 Or morning ; or ravine ; the meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain. and came to Mahanaim.
30  Then Joab returned from pursuing Abner and assembled all his men. Besides Asahel, nineteen of David's men were found missing.
31  But David's men had killed three hundred and sixty Benjamites who were with Abner.
32  They took Asahel and buried him in his father's tomb at Bethlehem. Then Joab and his men marched all night and arrived at Hebron by daybreak.
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Давид повторно помазан на царство, но на этот раз открыто перед всем народом. Однако царём он стал только над частью...  Читать далее

Давид повторно помазан на царство, но на этот раз открыто перед всем народом. Однако царём он стал только над частью Обетованной Земли, над землями дома Иудина. Над Израилем же Авенир воцарил Иевосфея. Так различия между частями народа переходят в раскол, который со временем углубится.

Пока что раскол не стал окончательным, но противоборство двух царей, двух частей единой земли уже привело к междоусобице, и мы видим, что война стала братоубийственной. Трагический рассказ о противоборстве старого воина Авенира, уставшего от кровопролития, и юноши Асаила, рвущегося к подвигам, раскрывает бессмысленность начавшегося взаимного истребления. Авенир не хочет убивать Асаила, но вынужден поразить его для самозащиты.

Показательно, что на призыв Авенира к миру, произнесённый после этого убийства, его противник Иоав сразу откликнулся. В обоих станах воины видят бессмысленность кровопролития, и при первой же возможности рады прекратить братоубийство.

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